Loading
 
 

 

Advertising Starts From $5/- USD | Know More
Explore : 
Country : 
Region : 
City : 
 

Top Holidays
Altai Tavan Bogd Trek
Mongolia
Duration 21 days - Price start from $500/- USD per day

Altai, Hangai and Gobi Drive
Mongolia
Duration 25 days - Price start from $3000/- USD per day

Altai Eagle and Horse festivals
Mongolia
Duration 11 days - Price start from $180/- USD per person

Classic Eagle Hunting
Mongolia
Duration 12 days - Price start from $500/- USD per person

Altai Horse Ride
Mongolia
Duration 15 days - Price start from $500/- USD per person

Go to Eagle Festival with Eaglehunters and Altai Explore
Mongolia
Duration 15 days - Price start from $180/- USD per person

Life and Culture of Steppe People
Mongolia
Duration 15 days - Price start from $350/- USD per person

Altai Princess-Plateau Ukok
Mongolia
Duration 15 days - Price start from $500/- USD per person

Altai Trek and Glacier Climb
Mongolia
Duration 11 days - Price start from $1000/- USD per person

Hermen Tsav-The World End
Mongolia
Duration 16 days - Price start from $350/- USD per person

Mongolian Language Go Back
 
Mongolian language is one of the Ural-Altaic family's language. Today more than 10 million people who live in Mongolia, Kazakh, Buryat, Inner Mongolia in China and others speak Mongolian language.
The language
The history of Mongolian language is divided into three groups.
1.OldMongolianlanguage
2. Middle Mongolian language
3. Modern Mongolian language
The old Mongolian language lasted from ancient times till XII century. The documents of the period inscribed into stone monuments Tonyukuk.
The middle Mongolian period continued from XII-XVI century. During the time, Secret history of Mongols, Arab-Mongolian dictionary and other important documents were composed. Also Mongolian language is divided into southern, eastern and western dialects: Secret history of Mongols belongs to the eastern dialect, Arab-Mongolian dictionary - to the western dialect.
The Mongolian modern language from 17th century until present days. During this period, the scientists said that standard Mongolian language has been started. Mongolians have invented and used about 10 different scripts, such as dorvoljin, tod, soyombo letters and etc. Old Mongolian script is known as Uighur Mongolian script. The old Mongolian script is written from top to bottom. The Uighur adopted their alphabet from the Sogdians in the 13th century. In 1944, the Russian Cyrillic alphabet was adopted, with two additional letters, replacing the old Mongolian scripts. Since that time all ordinary and official documents were written by Cyrillic. Therefore all Mongolian schools re-introduced into their training programs since 1990. Cyrillic has 35 letters and double vowels. Also one important thing is its pronunciation. Mongolian pronunciation is very difficult. Writer Tim Severin said that Mongolian language is like two cats coughing and spitting at each other.
Mongol Script was adopted at the latest by decree of Genghis Khan in 1206 as recorded in The Secret History, and possibly earlier by some scholars' investigations. According to the linguist Nicholas Poppe, Mongol Script represents a period transitional between Ancient Mongol and Middle Mongol. It is based upon a dialect of the twelfth or early thirteenth century, a dialect which still retained some Ancient Mongolian features, but otherwise displayed Middle Mongolian forms.
Spellings used for Mongol Script represent spellings used in period and has not evolved with the spoken language except to add new words. Only with the adoption of different alphabets in the past century, such as Latin and Cyrillic, were spellings changed to match the modern dialects. Also, some letters in Mongol Script are ambiguous though context and grammatical rules provide distinction. The oldest known copy of The Secret History of the Mongols was written utilizing Chinese characters so names in that text represent phonetic transcription of the local dialect and are at times spelled inconsistently.
The Mongol script has five main vowels and 22 consonants and is written vertically. It can be written quickly and therefore considered similar to shorthand. In many cases, the Mongolian writing system does not correspond with pronunciation. In this respect it is similar to written and spoken English. Because of these complications, Mongols tried to adopt the Square (Pags-pa) script in 1269, the Todu Script in 1648, the Soyombo Script in 1686 and the Cyrillic Script in 1941. The latter, Cyrillic Script was successfully adopted unlike the others, and helped to erase literacy among the population. The Mongolian Cyrillic Alphabet has 35 letters. There have been attempts to revive the old Mongolian Script but so far, there has been little success.
Source:http://www.mongoliatourism.gov.mn/
Recommended Deals
Mongolia @ Adventure South Gobi Desert Mongolia Tour
6-day of Adventure Gobi desert Mongolia Tour to fly to South Gobi desert and to explore Yolyn Am Canyon. Climb up the towering piles of the largest Hongor Sand ..

Mongolia @ Trekking To Gunj Temple and Khagiin Khar Lake
Visit to local nomadic family, prepare to trekking tour to Gunj temple. Much more in the tour.....

Mongolia @ Altai Belukha Peak Horse trek
This is a magic mountain. The snow-white pearl among the boundless sea of a taiga, fairy Belukha is not just a mountain, object for climbing. This is alive beat..

Mongolia @ Altai Dayan Trek and Eagle Festival (Only one per year)
The Mongolian side is also mostly Kazakh, but there are also Tuvans, Mongols and many other ethnic minorities. The local people in the region speak a variety of..

Mongolia-russia @ Altai and Shamballa Explore
Visiting Altai regions, you come to Ancient Shamballa’s Kingdom. Shamballa is the centre of high evolutionary energies, so it is the source of all our religio..

Mongolia @ Altai Horse Ride
A horseback journey across the Altai Mountains is an experience not available elsewhere on Earth. The Mongolian Altai Mountains of western Mongolia offer a beau..

Mongolia @ Altai Mountains Drive
The Altai Mountains offer a beautiful landscape coupled with three unique cultures - Mongolians, Kazakhs, and Tuvans. The area is rich in wildlife and provides ..

Mongolia @ Top Naadam Festival Mongolia Tour
Naadam is a traditional type of Festival in Mongolia. The festival is also locally termed 'the three games of men'. The games are Mongolian wrestling, horse rac..

Mongolia @ Khamar Monastery Tour
Visit Khamar monastery, established in the 1820's by famous 19th century Mongolian educator and literary figure Danzanravjaa. The Monastery was an important cen..

Mongolia @ Go to Eagle Festival with Eaglehunters and Altai Explore
Hunting with Golden Eagle is one of the most unique features of the Kazakh life. The hunter is named kusbegi or berkutchi. The experience of wild birds training..

Mongolia Travel Enquiry Form
Name : *
Email : *
Phone : Nationality :*
Adults : *
Childrens :
Travel Time : *
Trip Duration : *
Vacation Enquiry : *  (e.g. interest, activities or special request)... Traveling To : *