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Chile Travel and Tourism

Chile Flag

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile , is a country in South America occupying a long and narrow coastal strip wedged between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage at the country's southernmost tip. It is one of the only two countries in South America having no border with Brazil. The Pacific forms the country's entire western border, with a coastline that stretches over 6,435 kilometres. Chilean territory extends to the Pacific Ocean which includes the overseas territories of Juan Fernández Islands, the Salas y Gómez islands, the Desventuradas Islands and Easter Island located in Polynesia. Chile claims 1,250,000 square kilometres of territory in Antarctica. Chile's unusual, ribbon-like shape — 4,300 kilometres long and on average 175 kilometres wide — has given it a varied climate, ranging from the world's driest desert — the Atacama — in the north, through a Mediterranean climate in the centre, to a snow-prone Alpine climate in the south, with glaciers, fjords and lakes. The northern Chilean desert contains great mineral wealth, principally copper. The relatively small central area dominates the country in terms of population and agricultural resources. This area also is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century, when it incorporated its northern and southern regions. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands. The Andes Mountains are located on the eastern border. Prior to the coming of the Spanish in the 16th century, northern Chile was under Inca rule while the indigenous Araucanians inhabited central and southern Chile. Although Chile declared its independence in 1810, decisive victory over the Spanish was not achieved until 1818. In the War of the Pacific , Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and won its present northern regions. It was not until the 1880s that the Araucanian Indians were completely subjugated. The country, which had been relatively free of the coups and arbitrary governments that blighted the South American continent, endured a 17 year military dictatorship that left more than 3,000 people dead and missing. Currently, Chile is one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations. Within the greater Latin American context it leads in terms of human development, gross domestic product per capita , competitiveness, quality of life, political stability, globalization, economic freedom, low perception of corruption and comparatively low poverty rates. It also ranks high regionally in freedom of the press and democratic development. It has a high income inequality, as measured by the Gini index. Chile is a founding member of the United Nations and the Union of South American Nations.

   
 
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Activities Results 1 to 2 of 2
My Trip to Chile - Santiago
My Trip to Chile Preparing for a travel to Chile means looking in a travel guide, on wonderful pictures and through the internet. While doing so, you might think if this shows the reality of what Chile is. Or some will not have any imaginations, only knowing Chile as a country on the other side of the world. This was actually, what I was thinking. There is almost no other country further away from my hometown and I only knew that it is the small and long country in the far south of South America. It stretches 4300km from the north to the south and 240km from its east borders of Argentina and Bolivia to the Pacific Ocean. Thanks to this tremendous extension, it is a country offering more than only one or two highlights of wonder...

Hiking Orsorno - Santiago
Hiking Orsorno My travel to Chile started in March 2009 not exactly knowing what the country was going to offer me. I only saw pictures of snowcapped volcanoes, blue lakes, great national parks, a huge mysterious desert and the scientific Andes. Sitting in the airplane and waiting for the landing in Santiago, I looked out of the window and had my first impression of that wonderful landscapeed country. And it did not disappoint me. The Andes presented themselves with all their majesty. I knew that this would be the beginning of a wonderful 6 months stay in Chile. My home for the next months is Puerto Varas, that region where one lake meets another and which correctly received the name Lake District. It is a great green su...