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Colombia Travel and Tourism

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Colombia , officially the Republic of Colombia , is a country in northwestern South America. Colombia is bordered to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; to the north by the Caribbean Sea; to the northwest by Panama; and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. Colombia also shares maritime borders with Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Colombia is the 26th largest nation in the world and the fourth largest in South America. It has the 29th largest population in the world and the second largest in South America, after Brazil. Colombia has the third largest Spanish-speaking population in the world after Mexico and the United States. The territory of what is now Colombia was originally inhabited by indigenous nations including the Muisca, Quimbaya, and Tairona. The Spanish arrived in 1499 and initiated a period of conquest and colonisation which ultimately led to the creation of the Viceroyalty of New Granada with its capital at Bogotá. Independence from Spain was won in 1819, but by 1830 "Gran Colombia" had collapsed with the secession of Venezuela and Ecuador. What is now Colombia and Panama emerged as the Republic of New Granada. The new nation experimented with federalism as the Granadine Confederation , and then the United States of Colombia , before the Republic of Colombia was finally declared in 1886. Panama seceded in 1903. Colombia has a long tradition of constitutional government. The Liberal and Conservative parties, founded in 1848 and 1849 respectively, are two of the oldest surviving political parties in the Americas. However, tensions between the two have frequently erupted into violence, most notably in the Thousand Days War and La Violencia, beginning in 1948. Since the 1960s, government forces, left-wing insurgents and right-wing paramilitaries have been engaged in the continent's longest-running armed conflict. Fuelled by the cocaine trade, this escalated dramatically in the 1990s. However, the insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government, and in recent years the violence has been decreasing. Many paramilitary groups have demobilized as part of a controversial peace process with the government, and the guerrillas have lost control in many areas where they once dominated. Meanwhile Colombia's homicide rate, for many years the highest in the world, has almost halved since 2002. Colombia is a standing middle power with the fourth largest economy in South America. It is very ethnically diverse, and the interaction between descendants of the original native inhabitants, Spanish colonists, African slaves and twentieth-century immigrants from Europe and the Middle East has produced a rich cultural heritage. This has also been influenced by Colombia's varied geography. The majority of the urban centres are located in the highlands of the Andes mountains, but Colombian territory also encompasses Amazon rainforest, tropical grassland and both Caribbean and Pacific coastlines. Ecologically, Colombia is one of the world's 18 megadiverse countries.

   
 
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Activities Results 1 to 3 of 3
Colombia A South American Paradise - Bogota
Colombia A South American Paradise Colombia is a beautiful South American country situated on the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Colombia has a lot to offer tourists and while there are some areas that you will want to avoid, there are so many places that are safe and worth visiting. Cartagena The San Felipe de Barajas Castle in Cartagena, Colombia, is unbelievable. Visiting a castle up close and personal is really worth the experience. Not only is it educational, but there is so much history in those walls you can almost feel yourself being transported to another time and another place. This castle is one of Colombia's oldest buildings and it was built by the Spaniards back in colonial times. Checking it out today is really amazing and a...

The most pleasant time to visit Colombia is in the dry season - Bogota
The most pleasant time to visit Colombia is in the dry season The most pleasant time to visit Colombia is in the dry season, between December and March or July and August, particularly if you plan on hiking. It also gives visitors a better chance to savor local cultural events, as many festivals and fiestas take place during these times. Apart from the weather, you might also consider Colombian holiday periods. There are basically three high seasons when Colombians rush to travel: from late December to mid-January, during Semana Santa (Holy Week; March or April), and from mid-June to mid-July. Also take note of three-day weekends, when urban dwellers rush to rural getaways, such as Villa de Leyva; and regional celebrations, such as Carnaval in Barranquilla. During these perio...

Attraction Of Colombia - Bogota
Attraction Of Colombia Cartagena The walled Old Town of this fortified Spanish colonial port is a gem. It's packed with churches, monasteries, plazas, palaces and noble mansions with overhanging balconies and shady patios. Simply wandering through the narrow cobbled streets reveals endless wonders, but some of the highlights are the Palacio de la Inquisición, the gold-filled Museo del Oro and Muelle de los Pegasos, the lovely old port of Cartagena on the Bahía de las Ánimas. Outside the Old Town sit the Spanish fortresses that once defended Cartagena from pirates, including Castillo de San Felipe de Barajas, the largest in the Americas. Bogotá Keep your eyes peeled as there are heaps of sights in Bogotá. Museo del Oro has...