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Iceland Travel and Tourism

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Republic of Iceland , is an island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of about 320,000 and a total area of 103,000 km². Its capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Iceland is volcanically and geologically active on a large scale; this defines the landscape. The interior mainly consists of a plateau characterised by sand fields, mountains and glaciers, while many big glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Warmed by the Gulf Stream, Iceland has a temperate climate relative to its latitude and provides a habitable environment and nature. According to Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in 874 when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfur Arnarson became the first permanent Norwegian settler on the island. Others had visited the island earlier and stayed over winter. Over the next centuries, people of Nordic origin settled in Iceland. Until the 20th century, the Icelandic population relied on fisheries and agriculture, and was from 1262 to 1918 a part of the Norwegian, and later the Danish monarchies. In the 20th century, Iceland's economy and welfare system developed quickly, and in recent decades the nation implemented free trade in the European Economic Area and diversified from fishing to new economic fields in services, finance and various industries. Iceland is a free market economy with relatively low taxes compared to other OECD countries. The country maintains a Nordic welfare system providing universal health care and post-secondary education for its citizens. Icelandic culture is based on the nation’s Norse heritage and its status as a developed and technologically advanced society. Cultural heritages include traditional Icelandic cuisine, the nation’s poetry, and the medieval Icelandic Sagas which are internationally renowned. Modern Icelandic culture, such as the nation's music scene and cinema, is influenced by the nation’s generally liberal ideologies. In recent years, Iceland has been one of the wealthiest and most developed nations in the world. In 2007, it was ranked as the most developed country in the world by the United Nations' Human Development Index and the fourth most productive country per capita. In 2008, the nation’s banking system systematically failed, causing significant economic contraction and political unrest that lead to early parliamentary elections making Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir the country's prime minister. She is the first openly gay head of government in modern times.

   
 
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Activities Results 1 to 2 of 2
Iceland's Fire and Ice, Fjords and Geysers - Reykjavik
Iceland's Fire and Ice, Fjords and Geysers Journey to the land of fire and ice on the Iceland: Fjords & Geysers trip with Natural Habitat Adventures. This one-of-a-kind adventure will introduce just 6 guests to the wonders of Iceland?an island rich in contrast and different from anywhere you've ever been. Geothermal and volcanic activity continue to shape its dramatic landscape of rugged mountains, emerald valleys, hot springs, and massive glaciers and quaint fishing villages dot endless fjords where a myriad of migrating whales and northern wildlife abounds. The exploratory adventure to one of our planets most fascinating and unique environments is for those intrepid souls who love wildlife and wild places. Natural Habitat Adventures has created an it...

Iceland Tourist Information - Reykjavik
Iceland Tourist Information City of Natural Wonders Iceland means new and different things for you to see and do, whatever the season. Every part of the year has its own special attractions, character and charm. And don´t let the name deceive you - Iceland can be very warm in summer when the sun shines virtually round the clock, while January temperatures are around 0°C. It is the nearest European neighbor to the U.S. In fact, Iceland is at the halfway point from the East Coast to the European continent. With daily flights from New York, Baltimore/Washington, Minneapolis and Boston, and frequent service from Orlando and Halifax, this awesome and virtually jet-lag free destination awaits you with plenty of action. Much of Iceland is sti...