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India Travel and Tourism

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India, officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometers . It is bordered by Pakistan to the west; People's Republic of China , Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Indonesia in the Indian Ocean.Home to the Indus Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four major world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated there, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam arrived in the first millennium CE and shaped the region's diverse culture. Gradually annexed by the British East India Company from the early eighteenth century and colonised by the United Kingdom from the mid-nineteenth century, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by widespread nonviolent resistance.India is a republic consisting of 28 states and seven union territories with a parliamentary system of democracy. It has the world's twelfth largest economy at market exchange rates and the fourth largest in purchasing power. Economic reforms since 1991 have transformed it into one of the fastest growing economies; however, it still suffers from high levels of poverty, illiteracy, and malnutrition. A pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society, India is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.

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Festivals and Fairs of Jharkhand - Ranchi
Festivals and Fairs of Jharkhand The mesmerizing locale of Jharkhand is endowed with the reputation of being one of those states in the country of India that proudly celebrates an entire caboodle of festivals with unparalleled vigor and incomparable zeal. As a matter of fact, the residents are so jolly, fun-loving and hospitable and the way they celebrate the Jharkhand fairs and festivals, you are in for a huge surprise. The various cattle fairs that are held inside the premises of the state of Jharkhand form an integral appendage of the Jharkhand fairs and festivals. A good majority of them basically pivot around the exchange of exquisitely ornamented cattle for thick bundles of green stuff. These fairs and festivals of Jharkhand also provide sc...

Folk Arts in Jharkhand - Ranchi
Folk Arts in Jharkhand The Jharkhand area is famous for a special type of folk painting called the paitkar paintings. This form of painting is one of the earliest forms of tribal paintings in India and thus enhances the culture of Jharkhand. These paintings have a scrolling look and depict life after death. However, due to lack of recognition and promotion, this type of painting is slowly facing extinction. Folk Music includes Akhariya Domkach, Dohari Domkach, Janani Jhumar, Mardana Jhumar, Faguwa, Udasi, Pawas, Daidhara, Pahilsanjha, Adhratiya, Vinsariya, Pratkali, Jhumta etc. Folk dances include Paika, Chaw, Jadur, Karma, Nachni, Natua, Agni, Choukara, Santhal, Jamda, Ghatwari, Matha, Sohrai, Lurisayro etc. Instruments commonly ...

Culture of Jharkhand - Ranchi
Culture of Jharkhand Jharkhand culture is rich and diverse and as a result unique in its very own way. Jharkhand culture treats guests as God and serves them and takes care of them as if they are a part and parcel of the family itself. Archaeologists have unearthed pre-Harappa pottery, pre-historic cave paintings and rock-art from various parts of Jharkhand. That hint at ancient, cultured civilizations inhabiting these parts. The intricate woodwork, the pitkar paintings, tribal ornaments, stone carvings, dolls and figurines, masks and baskets, all are pointing towards the cultural wealth of Jharkhand existed even before the Harappa age. Among the most delicate, fragile, beautiful and threatened indigenous tradition of India are for exampl...

Tribes in Jharkhand - Ranchi
Tribes in Jharkhand The ancient tribes of the state of Jharkhand include Birhor, Asur, Birajia and Mal Paharia. Some other ancient tribes of Jharkhand are Sauriya Paharia, Hill Kharia or Sabar, Parahiya and Korba. Most of the people belonging to different Jharkhand tribes dwell in villages. These villages are grouped into tolas. They live in mud houses, which are devoid of any window. They often adorn the external surface of their houses with paintings. The major food for these tribal people is rice and the flesh of birds and animals. According to the famous anthropologist LP Vidyarthi, the tribes of Jharkhand can be broadly classified according to the different ways of livelihood that they practice. The tribes in Jharkhand that a...

Dances of Jharkhand - Ranchi
Dances of Jharkhand Jharkhand dance forms are a medium of expressing one's feelings, some story or any other event. Most of these folk dances in Jharkhand are performed by the local tribes. These dances not only reflect their mood or dancing talent but also bring into light their culture, traditions and beliefs. The performance of folk dance in Jharkhand does not await the arrival of any particular festival; most of these dances are performed during all the important festivals and occasions such as while welcoming the guests, change of seasons, etc. The tribe that performs the folk dance at Jharkhand is the Kunjbans. They are the main performers of folk dances all across the state. Their performance is so widely popular that they...