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ID: 1498
Combined Tour : Egypt & Libya
Offered by Company : ID 2726
Country : Egypt
Destinations : alexandria (Al Iskandariyah)
Duration : 7 – 8 day(s)
Minimum Price : $945 USD ( Per Day)
Maximum Price : $998 USD ( Per Day)
Type : Private,Group,Customized
Group Size : 2 - 14 People(s)
Season : All Year Round
Trip Categories : Culture Tour
 
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Tobruk – Apollonia – Cyrene – Qasar Libya – Ptolemais – Benghazi – Tripoli – Leptis Magna. Tobruk: Forever linked with the name of the great German commander, Marshall Rommel, who laid siege to and captured the city during World War II. Here you may visit his underground headquarters, also used by Montgomery during British control of the city. Cyrene: The most important Greek city in North Africa, Cyrene was founded in the 7th century BC by a party of immigrants who had fled the drought-inflicted island of there in the Aegean Sea. Much more..
Detail Information
Day 1 Alexandria – Tobruk – visit the second war cemeteries, departure to Cyrene overnight in Al Masseara hotel 3*.

Day 2/3 Excursion of the City of Cyrene

The history of the founding as a Greek immigrants from the Island ( modern Santorin ) has been handed to us as a mixture of legend and historical tradition.

Visiting Cyrene; The Forum and Agora, the Forum of Proculus or Caesareum a great rectangular enclosure with internal porticoes, the original function of this building is still matter of dispute. The Agora which host many of Cyrene remains as the Naval Monument, the Capitolium and most important the Tomb of Battus the Founder of the City. The Acropolis Hill which still yet to be excavated, continue downhill to visit the Fountain and the Sanctuary of Apollo, which were for most their history, distinct zones.
The Fountain of Apollo was the prime cause of the City’s foundation on this site, and was linked in legend, with the nymph Kura or Kurana a Greek maiden, whom Apollo wooed and brought to Libya as his pride, the fountain is a torrent of water emerging from cavern’s mouth on the upper terrace.The true spring lies at the end of 300 yards tunnel, in the heart of the hillside, on the left hand side of the fountain 5 circular Byzantine lime-kilns which consumed many of the pagan statues., moving down here is the mighty Sanctuary of Apollo its Greek and Roman Propylea, inside the sanctuary we find the Temple of Apollo the most important monument which incorporate the remains of three buildings. The sanctuary also includes the temple of Jason Magnus, the fountain of Cyrene, semi-circular construction surmounted by a statue of the nymph strangling a lion, the Temple of Isis in which a statue of the Egyptian goddess has been found and the Grotto of the Priests, in the same area there also the Greek Theatre transformed by the Roman in an Amphitheatre.Then we move to the Great Temple of Zeus - alongside the Necropolis of Cyrene one of the most extensive cemeteries in the ancient world, and covers many square miles. The visible multiple grave tombs number over 1200 and there are also several thousand of sarcophagi – the largest temple of Cyrene. It is an Octostyle building of gigantic dimension slightly larger than the Parthenon of Athens and the temple of Zeus at Olympia constructed in an archaic Doric style around the 6th century B.C. stop for lunch, afternoon excursion to Apollonia. Ancient Apollonia, which was Cyrene’s port for a thousand years and its ruins form an essential part of the whole archeological complex, originally constructed by the Greeks when they began to develop their naval merchant fleets, modern Sousa was founded in 1897as a colony of Muslim refugees from Crete and there is a decindely non African strain apparent in its population. It was extensively rebuilt in the Italian occupation as a port for a coastal shipping. The first important monument to be encountered is the Extra-Mural Church, only a corner of the outer walls of this church is visible. The church is remarkable for the traces of a triple apse – Triconchos- surviving in the cactus garden at its east end, the Hellenistic City Walls of Apollonia are well preserved through their landward course, continue toward The Theatre which lies immediately outside the eastern rampart, it is of a Greek type and of Hellenistic date; but it was remodeled under the Emperor Domitian 92-96 A.D, another monuments are the three churches Western, eastern and Central built around the 6th century. We conclude our visit with the Museum which include some of the area’s heritage over night AlManar hotel 4*

Day 4 Breakfast, departure to Benghazi - Ptolemais - Qasr Libya departure to Tripoli (flight), overnight in Alkabir - Babalbaher

Day 5 Breakfast, departure to Leptis Magna, one of the best-preserved cities of antiquity.

It was founded by Phoenician merchants around the beginning of the first millennium B.C. The great Emperor Severus born in Leptis in 145 AD turned his attention to his native city making substantial changes which every visitor could witness.The visit starts with the Arch of Septimius Severus standing at the beginning of the main north-south street the the Cardo Maximus, where this intersects the east west street the Decumanus Maximus , dedicated to the Severus built in 203 A.D to celebrate the arrival of the great Emperor, to the Palestra a place for sports and games which is parallel to the Baths of Hadrian built in 126-127, remodeled in the time of the Emperor Commodus 180-192, continue to the Nymphaeum and the Street of Colonnades, built under Severus and dedicated to the nymphs, it is a semicircular construction containing a pool and fountain, and surrounded by walls, to the Severus Forum and the adjoining Basilica which are the major extant large-scale buildings in Leptis, to the Harbour which was originally the natural mouth of the Leptis vally, sheltered from the sea by rocks to the north and east, continue with the Old Forum which dated to the beginning of the imperial era . In the northern corner of the forum are the remains of tiles from the time of the Emperor Augustus 30 B.C – 14 A.D during the governorship of Calpurnius. Stop for lunch in restaurant within the Site area, continue the visit with the Museum and finally with the Amphitheatre built in the period of Nero around the year 56 A.D on a natural slope of soft sandstone. It was renovated and enlarged in the 2nd century A.D and again under the Severus. Near the Amphitheatre was a small temple of the famous Artimes, or Diana, of Ephesus in Western Asia

Day 6 Full day sightseeing

In Tripoli including the superb National Museum, Green Square, Algeria Square Cathedral, Church of Santa Maria, the 18th century British Consulate, the 17th century French Consulate, the Arch of Marcus Aurelius and the mosques and souks of the medina where lunch will be take then return to the hotel overnight

Day 7 Breakfast, morning free for shopping in the old city souk, transfer to airport and departure for home destination
Notes
Price Includes:

• Reception
• Accommodation
• Transportation
• Meals H/B
• Visa
• Guide
• Flight tickets (Benghazi – Tripoloi)
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