Aachen Cathedral in Germany

Aachen Cathedral is also referred as Imperial Cathedral, the core of the Aachen Cathedral is the formerly mentioned palace Capel- at the time of construction, it was largest dome north of the arms it has fascinating architecture with Classical, Byzantine and Germanic- Franconian elements, which is the essence of monumental building of huge importance for 600 years. Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne began the construction in 786 AD which forms the central part of Aachen Cathedral.Aachen was the church of coronation for thirty German kings. In order to cope up with huge rush of pilgrims in the Gothic period a choir hall was built, a two part Capella vitrea which was consecrated on the 600th day of Charlemagne’s death.. Aachen has very magnificent architecture of the glass house, it lost nothing in the course of its history. It has its own identity in German UNESCO World Heritage as the First German Architectural and artistic historical ensemble.

Aachen Cathedral treasury shows sacral masterpieces of the late classical Carolingin, Ottonian and Staufian period. Some unique feature like Cross of Lothair, it is burst of Charlemagne and also Persephone Sarcophagus. The Aachen Cathedral treasury is regarded as one of the most important ecclesiastical treasuries in northern Europe. Charlemagne collected a variety of relics during his lifetime, now a days that are still kept in Aachen Cathedral.

Four most impressive Attributes – the Cloak of Blessed Virgin, the lion- clothes of the Infant Jesus,the lion-cloth worn by7 Christ on the cross,
the cloth on which lay the head of st. John the Baptist after his breathing.
These four relics attracted large number of pilgrims in the middle ages from Germany, Austria, Hungary, England, Sweden and other countries. In the mid 14th century, it become compulsory to show only four relics once in seven years, and still now that custom is going on, now next time, it will be shown in 2007.When Charlemagne died in 814, he was buried in chapel’s choir. After that in 1000AD, Emperor Otto III also buried there, Charmlemagne’s vault opened. It is said that at that time body was found in remarkable state of preservation, which seated on marble throne, dress in imperal robes with his crown on his head, the Gospels lying in his lap and his cepter in his hand. A larger mural representing Otto and his nobles gazing on the dead Emperor was painted on the wall of the great room in the Town Hall.

Emperor Barbarossa again opened the vault in 1165 and places the remains in a sculptured sarcophagus made of parian marble. It has been said to have been the one in which Augustus Caesar was buried. Charlemagne was canonized same year on the request on Barbarossa’s. Barbarossa provided with bronze chandelier in 1168, to hang over the shrine, which is still there today. Frederick II had Charlemagne’s bones put in a casket of gold and silver in 1215, they are in horizontal place next to each other beneath a stone slab to the present day.The chapel’s choir hall was reconstructed in the Gothic style in the beginning of 14th century. On 600th anniversary of charlemagne’s death, the two part was consecrated in 1414. There are 13 windows 100 feet high and having the pillars in between them standing 14 statues that date from 156th century.
In the 15th century, several smaller chapel and vestibule were added to the palatine chapel to control the increasing crowds of pilgrims, and the final enlarged building was developed the Aachen Cathedral.In World wars Aachen Cathedral suffered very little damage and in 1978 it makes the entry in World Heritage sites. It was first German, one among the three European historical ensembles to be admitted.

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