Ajmer has been a great centre of pilgrimage for both Hindus and Muslims. The city is a rich blend of Hindu and Islamic heritage. The sacred lake of Pushkar and the temple of Brahma have been a sacred place of pilgrimage, for Hindus. During the month of Kartik(Oct./Nov.),devotes throng in large numbers here to take a dip in the sacred lake.
The great Sufi saint Khwaja Moin-ud-din-Chisti of Persia, was buried here, and his Dargah is revered by followers of Islam, as well as Hinduism. It was a key centre of Chauhan power, along with the twin capital of Delhi. However, with Prithviraj Chauhan’s defeat at the hands of Sultan Mohammed Ghori (1193), Ajmer was rendered vulnerable to many an invasion and gory battles.
Ajmer is connected to Delhi, Agra, Ahmedabad, Abu, Jodhpur, Udaipur and Jaipur, by main highways. Regular train services connect Ajmer with important cities. The nearest airport is Jaipur(132km)
The Dargah of Khwaja Moin-ud-din-Chisti
The tomb of saint Khwaja Moin-ud-din-Chisti, popularly known as Dargah Sharief, is in the heart of the city. It is a pilgrimage and spiritual centre, where followers of every creed and faith, Muslims and non – Muslims visit and pay homage throughout the year.
Shah Jahan’s Mosque
This mosque is the most beautiful of all the structures, in the Dargah precinct. It is made of white marble, delicately carved with trellis-work.
Beyond the Dargah, among narrow and crowded lanes, is a remarkable, early Islamic structure, the Adhai – din – ka – Jhonpra. Mohammed Ghori, with the remains of several neighbouring temples, hurriedly put together, a mosque within two and a half days (Adhai Din). Pillars, from at least thirty temples, must have gone into the making of this elegant monument, a superb example of Indo-Islamic architecture.
Emperor Akbar’s royal residence, now converted to a museum, houses an excellent collection of Mughal and Rajput armour and some fine sculpture.