All Periods

Hunnu Period The establishment of the Hunnu in Mongolia in the 3rd century BC landmarks the beginning of the statehood on the territory of Mongolia. The founder of the Hunnu Kingdom was Tumen. He was succeeded by his son Modun Shanyu whose Unified Kingdom stretched from Lake Baikal in the north to the Great Wall of China in the south and from the Erchis river in the west to the Greater Khyangan mountains in the east. During the Hunnu period, there was significant development in the culture of Mongolian tribes – arts, music, astronomy and astrology – and twelve month lunar calendar was introduced. The state had significant diplomatic, cultural and trade relations with neighboring states.

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