Amritsar, the term meaning “the lake of the holy nectar”, always occupied the center stage in the Majha Region and been aptly named as the Mukut Mani, the Jewel in the Crown. It is the focal point of Sikh faith, a pivot of Punjab politics, a gateway to the Middle East and an alert sentinel at the Indo-Pak border. It has the famous Golden Temple, visited by pilgrims from all over the world. The essential spirit of the city is found not only in its gurdwaras and temples, mosques and churches, takias and khankas, but also in its art and architecture, museums and memorials, havelis and forts, fairs and festivals and vibrant folk dances.
Amritsar is famous as the pilgrimage center in Amritsar, with numerous holy places in and around. The city owes its name to the holy lake inside the Harmandar Sahib (Amrit meaning nectar, Sar meaning lake). Popularly, it is believed that the city was laid in 1574 and thus it is one of the most ancient and fascinating cities of India. Amritsar is mainly known for the Golden Temple. Owing to favorable physical conditions, the land of Amritsar allows growth of multiple crops. Wheat, maize, rice and bajra forms the main crops of the place. Cash crops like potato, sugarcane, groundnut, cotton and pulses are also grown in abundance. The go-getter hardworking people of Amritsar contribute significantly towards making the land of Amritsar a fertile one.
Gurdwara Baba Atal Sahib is one of the important tourist spots of Amritsar. Built in 1778-1784, it encompasses the rich beauty of culture and tradition of Punjab. The tallest building in Amritsar, the gurdwara is octagonal in shape, with a height of about forty meters.The legendary city of Amritsar is immersed in Punjabi and Sikh culture. It forms the convergent point of Sikhism and attracts pilgrims from all over the world. The city is located in an ideal position in Punjab. This makes it feasible to keep Amritsar as the base and plan short trips to various places of tourist interest that are situated nearby, also known as excursions.
Ram Bagh Garden attracts a lot of tourists every year, owing to the enormous natural beauty it encompasses. It used to be the summer palace of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780-1839) in the past. Earlier, it was called the Company Garden. Later, Maharaja Ranjit Singh changed the name to Ram Bagh, to commemorate his unflinching devotion to Guru Ram Das, the founder of the city of Amritsar.
Shri Durgiana Temple is one of main pilgrim places in Amritsar. The temple, also called Shree Durgiana Tirath or Sitla Mandir, is situated outside the Lohgarh Gate in Amritsar. It is situated a few yards away from the Amritsar railway station and about 1.5 km from the Bus Stand.
Punjab is a land rich with the unique collection of handicrafts and handlooms. If you wish to go for a shopping spree in the state, no place other than Amritsar will be the best option for you. A number of shopping joints line the city, offering a variety of materials to shop for. The eloquently embroidered shawls (phulkari),