Ankara is a old city, located in the center of the country. Founded in 2000 BC, the city gained its modern prominence only in 1923 when it became the capital of Republic of Turkey.
The most interesting part of Ankara is Ulus, the old part of town. Built on two hills, Ulus derives much of its character from its steep and winding streets. The main sight is the Kale, the fortress overlooking the city. Around town you will find a few remains of Roman times, esp. the Augustus tempel, which became famous with historians because of the ‘Monumentum Ancyranum’, the legacy of emperor Augustus. Ancyra, by the way, is the name of Ankara in ancient times. Next to the temple ruin you will find the tomb of Haci Bayram and his mosque, probably some pilgrims saying prayers in front of one window – the holy man is still very popular amongst the Anatolian population.
The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations is another highlight near the Kale; it is one of the best museums of the country and should not be missed by anyone with an interest in the history of Anatolia. Mausoleum of Ataturk is of the most important site to visit. Atatrk is the founder of the Republic of Turkey and the first President.
The Cengelhan Rahmi M. Koc Museum is an industrial museum opposite the entrance to the Citadel (Kale), close to Anatolian Civilization Museum. Located in the historic Cengelhan – a former Caravansaray built in 1522 – the Museum displays huge variety of exhibits on such diverse themes as Engineering, Road Transport, Scientific Instruments, Maritime, Medicine, and many others. The beautiful and atmospheric courtyard now houses the newly restored shop where the founder of the KoC Group, Mr Vehbi Koc started his working life. And when you have finished your museum visit, you can relax in either the Divan Cafe or the Divan Brasserie in the courtyard.
While you are in the area, walk down to steep alley, next the museum, it is called Cikrikcilar Yokusu and enjoy the old fashion shopping and different kind of stuffs that tourists need.