Arbil is a beautiful, safe City often called Hawler. It has many natural resources and a historic and deeply rooted cultural tradition. Arbil, the capital of the federal Kurdistan Region, is situated approximately 350 kilometers north of Baghdad. Lying on a flat, rich and fertile plain between two rivers, the Great Zab and the Small Zab, it is one of the oldest cities in the world.
The name Arbil is mentioned in the holy writings of the Sumerians (circa 2000 BC) as Orblum or Urbilum, and also features in the Babylonian and Assyrian texts as Arba-Elu.
The Kurdish name Hawler is derived from ancient times and may refer to the many historic buildings, castles, and minarets to be found in the city.
Arbil has been the center of culture, education and trade in the region, due to its central location at the cross-roads of caravan routes allowing it to serve as a link between trade centers.
The climate of Arbil is hot in summer, and cold and snowy in winter. The land is good for growing wheat, barley and cotton, while Arbil province is renowned for its animal husbandry, particularly cattle.