Rajsthan’s role in the development of Indian art has been very important.One of the most creative andremarkable example of Rajasthani art treasures is the world of miniature painting. As early as the beginningof the 16th century artists of Rajputana, as Rajasthan was called in ancient times, were practicing and perfecting this art.The spirit of Rajasthan’s history and legend, coloured by Chivalry and romance, finds expression in miniature paintings of different painting schools. Pure Rajput paintings and those influenced by Mughal court provide an interesting insight into the lifestyle of the centuries and continue to fascinate scholars to this day. Despite new developments the magical qualityof miniature paintings continue to live on.
As Hindu-rulers of Rajputana maintained close political and social links to the Mughal court, one can observe strong Mughal influence paintings here. Influenced by the surroundings, miniature paintings have their own unique style; hiils and valleys, court assemblies and hunting expeditions, religious festivals, processions and scenes from the life of Lord Krishna – a widely devoted Hindu God in India.
Miniature paintings are different in size and material. Paper, silk and wood was used, for more valuable paintings also marble and ivory.The colours were made from minerals and vegetables, precious stones as well as pure silver and gold.The preparing and mixing of colour was an elaborate process. It took weeks, sometimes months, to get the desired results. The brushes have to be very fine and are therefore prepared by the artists themselves. To get high-quality results, the brush is even today made from hairs of the squirrels, tail- carefully cut without harming the little animal.