Something a little more contemporary is the Itaipú Dam, the world’s largest hydroelectric project (1350 sq km/526 sq mi), which is well worth a visit. Another sight not to be overlooked is the Parque Nacional Cerro Corá, an area of dry tropical forest and savanna nestled among steep, isolated hills. It possesses many important cultural and historical features such as pre-Columbian caves, petroglyphs and the site of Francisco Solano Lopez’s death at the end of the War of the Triple Alliance.
It’s now safe to approach and photograph the Palacio de Gobierno, which is a major improvement on the situation during El Supremo Rodríguez de Francia’s rule – he ordered anyone gazing upon its royal walls to be shot on sight. Nearby is the Casa Viola, one of the few surviving authentic colonial buildings, which is now a museum. The Museo del Barro is the city’s foremost repository of modern art.
Other sights include the Casa de Cultura Paraguaya, a 19th-century Cathedral and its museum, as well as the Casa de la Independencia, Asunción’s oldest building (1772) and site of the declaration of independence. There are also excellent parks, such as the Jardín Botánico.