Ayuthaya was the capital of the Thai Kingdom, before being ransacked and plundered by the invading Burmese. The capital then moved south to present day Bangkok. One of the UNESCO cultural sites, the old city was an amazing city of more than a million inhabitants. The city was courted by the Dutch, Portuguese, French, English and Japanese, and many foreign visitors said that it was the most illustrious city they had ever set their eyes upon.
Modern Ayuthaya is a provincial capital, with a number of industrial estates in the vicinity. The historical centre is but a short tuk-tuk ride from the train station, and is littered with ruined temples.