Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean about 3,100 km (1,670 nm) southwest of Honolulu. The United States took possession of the island in 1857. The island is almost half way between Hawaii and Australia. Its nearest neighbor is Howland Island 68 kilometers to the north.
Baker Island National Wildlife Refuge consists of the 405 acre (1.64 km) island and a surrounding 30,500 acres (123 km) of submerged land. The island is now a National Wildlife Refuge managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as an insular area under the U.S. Department of the Interior. Baker Island is an unincorporated and unorganized territory of the U.S..
Its defense is the responsibility of the United States; though uninhabited, it is visited annually by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. For statistical purposes, Baker is grouped with the United States Minor Outlying Islands.
There are no ports or harbors, with anchorage available only offshore. There is one boat landing area along the middle of the west coast. There is an abandoned World War II runway, 1,665 meters (5,463 ft) long, which is completely covered with vegetation and unusable.