The Betla National Park is one of the most famous wildlife sanctuaries in the state of Jharkhand in India. This wildlife sanctuary forms the main region of the Palamou sanctuary, which is located in the district of Daltonganj.
The whole Palamou sanctuary is as old as 1960, while the Betla National Park got its name in the year 1989. The entire Palamou Sanctuary has an area of 979 square kms, while the Betla National Park alone covers an area of 232 square kms.
The Betla National Park in Jharkhand has a wide variety of wild animals. Some of the most important animals found in this park are panthers, elephants, wild boars, leopards, sloth bears, tigers and gaurs. There are also other varieties of animals in the Betla National Park including chitals, sambars, nilgais, monkeys, langurs, jackals, small Indian civets and ant-eating pangolins.
The Betla National Park at Jharkhand houses a wide variety of plantations. These plantations include the dry and moist expanses of deciduous trees and the tropical wet vegetation of evergreen trees. The vegetation of the Betla National Park ranges from tropical wet evergreen in the lower reaches and mixed deciduous forests in the middle to temperate alpine forests in the high altitude areas. Sal and bamboo trees cover a major portion of the national park while the river Koel along with its tributaries meanders through the northern part.
Birdlife of the Betla National is also quite rich. Bird watchers can enjoy the sights of avian species including rich featuring the hornbill, peafowl, red jungle fowl, black partridge, white necked stork, black ibis, swamp grey, pied born bill, wagtails, the harial, doves, drongo, the crested serpent-eagle, forest owls etc. Aquatic birds like teal, duck, snipe and geese can be easily spotted close to the Kamaldah Lake.
The dry and moist expanses of deciduous trees grow in the temperate and middle alpine stretches of the high-altitude regions and the tropical wet vegetation of evergreen trees are found mainly in the low-altitude regions of the park.
The Betla National Park of Jharkhand is integral to the Palamou Sanctuary, which is again an extended part of another renowned wildlife sanctuary of the state, the Hazaribagh National Park. The Betla National Park is often termed one of the most popular wildlife sanctuaries in the entire region.