Bird of Micronesia

In Micronesia the Mariana Fruit-dove, Ptilinopus roseicapilla, also known locally as Mwee’mwe in the Carolinian language, Totot on Guam or Paluman Totut in Northern Mariana Islands, is a small, up to 24cm long, green fruit dove native and endemic to Guam and the Northern Marianas Islands in the Pacific.

It has a red forehead, greyish head, back and breast, and yellow belly patch and undertail coverts. The female lays a single white egg. The chick and egg are tended to by both parents. Its diet consists mainly of fruits.

Culturally, the Mariana Fruit-dove is a very important symbol of the region. This species is the official bird of the Northern Marianas Islands. In 2005, the Mariana Fruit-dove was originally chosen as the official mascot of the 2006 Micronesian Games in Saipan. However, the official website for the games shows a tropic bird as the official symbol instead of the Mariana Fruit-dove.

Due to ongoing habitat loss, limited range, small population size and invasive alien species, the Mariana Fruit-dove is evaluated as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.