Bochnia is a town on the river Raba in southern Poland, southeast of Krakow. It is most famous for its salt mine, the oldest still existing in Europe, built circa 1248. Bochnia has been the administrative capital of Bochnia County in Lesser Poland Voivodeship.

Bochnia is one of the oldest cities of Lesser Poland.


The oldest salt mine – The salt mine is one of the oldest salt mines in the world and the oldest one in Poland and Europe. The mine was established between the 12th and 13th centuries after salt was discovered in Bochnia. The mines measure 4,5 kilometres in length and 468 metres in depth at 16 different levels. Deserted chambers, shafts and passages form a so called underground town, which is now open to sightseers.

St. Nicholas Basilica, Statues of Leopold Okulicki and Casimir III of Poland, The Older parts of the cemetery at Oracka Street, The Catholic cemetery, The Jewish cemetery, Old town and historical buildings are the sights of Bochnia which attract the tourists.

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