Bolama a town in Guinea-Bissau situated on an island bearing the same name. The town and island are located between the Bijagos archipelago and the mainland.
Bolama was the capital of when Guinea-Bissau was a Portuguese colony (Portuguese Guinea, a province of the Cape Verde islands). From 1879, however, a separate colony was founded, with Bolama as the capital. Bissau became the capital in 1941.
Bolama has some magnificent examples of colonial architecture and has been suggested as a World Heritage site.