It is the capital of Grand Casablanca region with 3.7 million inhabitants (2005 estimate) and an area of 1,615 km.
Situated on the Atlantic, Casablanca has one of the largest artificial ports in the world. It is the major city in Morocco and the country’s economic capital. Casablanca has excellent connections with the rest of Morocco, through its railways and excellent roads.
The most important part of Casablanca’s economy is phosphate export for which Casablanca is one of the main ports as well as an administrative centre. It is also the centre of the most intensive industrial activity in the country: a sizeable portion of the city’s products is exported. Among Casablanca’s own industries are fishing, fish canning, sawmilling, furniture making, building materials, glass, textiles, electronics, leather work, processed food, beer, spirits, soft drinks, and cigarettes. Casablanca is also the center for more than half of all bank transactions in Morocco.
Casablanca’s landmark is the new mosque of Hassan II, the world’s largest, which can be seen at great distance. Apart from this there are few landmarks in Casablanca.
In Casablanca one finds both the richest and most sophisticated groups of the Moroccan society, as well as the most desperate poverty of the country.
The modern town of Casablanca is based on the plans of the French architect, Henri Prost, who placed the center where the main market of Anfa had been. From this point all main streets radiate in eastern and southern directions. Additional city plans were first developed in 1946, and later in 1984.