Castelo Branco is a city and a municipality, seat of the district of Castelo Branco, in Centro region, Portugal. The city of Castelo Branco is made up of one parish. It is one of the largest municipalities in Portugal. Castelo Branco gets its name from the prior existence of a Luso-Roman castro or fortified settlement called Castra Leuca, on the summit of the hill of Colina da Cardosa. The population grew on the slopes of this hill.
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The most important monument in Castelo Branco is the Jardim do Paco Episcopal (Garden of the Episcopal Palace). It is one of the most beautiful baroque gardens in Portugal and contains statues of allegories, kings and zodiacal signs, arranged around ponds, terraces and staircases.