Cuisines of Gujarat

Gujarati cuisine is unlike any other Indian cuisine. The difference lies in the unusual blending of the sweet with the salty into a harmonious whole. Even though the state of Gujarat has absorbed many outside influences down the ages, the cuisine has remained much the same. The Gujarati cuisine is delightfully delicious with a combination of leafy vegetables and pulses subtly flavoured with spices to the accompaniment of rice and a variety of breads. The Gujarati food is mostly vegetarian. The dishes of Gujarat are not very spicy and sweet than those of the neighboring states.

The typical Gujarati meal is served traditionally on large silver or stainless steel platters or thali that consists of one variety of dal, Kadhi-a curd preparation, two to three vegetables, wide variety of beans and pulses, salad savories, sweets, puri or chappati, rice, coconut, chutneys, pickles, papad and sweetened yoghurt. There are slight differences in the modes of preparation and eating habits in the main three geographical regions of Kutch, Saurashtra (kathiawad) and Surat. Some of the popular dishes of Gujarat are ‘Khaman Dhokla’, a salty steamed cake, ‘Oondhiya’ a vegetarian dish with potato, brinjal, green beans and other vegetables cooked in an earthenware pot in the fire, ‘Khichdi’ a mixture of lentil and rice, ‘Kadhi’ a savoury yoghurt curry with chopped vegetables and variety of spices, ‘Debra’ flour mixed with spinach and yoghurt etc. Surat Paunk is made with tender kernels of millet, sugar balls, savoury twists and garlic chutney. Gujarati ‘farsans’ or crunchy fried snacks like Chakli, Sev Ganthia prepared from chick-pea and wheat flour is a speciality of the state. Eating freshly prepared vegetable snacks from street vendors is popular. Sweets and desserts like Doodh Pak, Gharis, Nankhatais etc. are also delicious. Surat is known for the gharis made with butter, dried fruits and thickened milk and rich halwa. In contrast to the majority of Hindus who are pure vegetarians, the Bohras, a community of Muslim traders, are famous for their beef preparations and a variety of soups.

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