Dance of Peru

Apart from dances of native origin, there are also dances that are related to the agricultural work, hunting and war. Some choreographic show certain Christian influence. Two of the most representative Andean dances are the kashua and the wayno or huayno. The kashua has a communal character and it is usually danced in groups in the country or open spaces. The huayno is a “salon ball”. It is danced in couples and in closed spaces. The yaravi and the triste have also an Andean origin. They are usually songs with very emotional lyrics.

Dances of ritual character are the achocallo, the pinkillada, the llamerada (dance that imitates the llama’s walk), the kullawada (the spinners’ dance), etc. Between the Hunting dances, it can be mentioned: the llipi-puli, gudi-dada and choq’elas. They are dances from the altiplano related to the vicuña’s hunting.

There are some dances of war like the chiriguano which has an Aymara origin, the chatripuli that satirizes the Spanish Realist soldiers, and the kenakenas a dance about the Chilean soldiers who occupied Peru during the War of the Pacific in 1879. There are also Carnival Dances. A Carnival is a western holiday that, in the Peruvian Andes, is celebrated simultaneously with the crops time. Many rural communities celebrate the youths’ initiation during these holidays with ancestral rites and dances.
The most internationally known dance in Peru is the Marinera Norteña. This dance represents a man’s courting of a young woman. There are local variants of this dance in Lima and the other regions of the country.

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