The great basalt antique citywalls of Diyarbakir surround a city of many mosques packed on a rather small area. Diyarbakir is probably the most important city in the south east of Turkey.


The City Walls – Diyarbakir is surrounded by an intact, dramatic set of high walls of black basalt forming a 5.5 km circle around the old city. There are four gates into the old city and 82 watch-towers on the walls, which were built in antiquity, restored and extended by the Roman emperor Constantine in 349.

Ulu Camii (Great Mosque) built by the Seljuk Turkish Sultan Malik Shah in the 11th century. The mosque, one of the oldest in Turkey, is constructed in alternating bands of black basalt and white limestone. (The same patterning is used in the 16th century Deliler Han Madrassah, which is now a hotel.

The Archaeological Museum contains artifacts from the neolithic period, through the Old bronze age, Assyrian, Urartu, Roman, Byzantine, Artuklu, Seljuk Turk, Ak Koyunlu, and Ottoman Empire periods.

Cahit Sitki Taranci Museum – The home of the late poet is a classic example of a traditional Diyarbakir home.

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