Vatican city is the center of the Roman Catholic Church and encompassing the Vatican City state, this small slice of the city is packed with more history and artwork than most cities in the world which is the main reason of its popularity and attraction for tourist all around the world and this city has its high spiritual and religious value too among catholics of entire World. The Vatican City is one of the most sacred places in Christendom, attests to a great history and a formidable spiritual venture. A unique collection of artistic and architectural masterpieces lie within the boundaries of this small state. At its centre is St Peter’s Basilica, with its double colonnade and a circular piazza in front and bordered by palaces and gardens. The basilica, erected over the tomb of St Peter the Apostle, is the largest religious building in the world, the fruit of the combined genius of Bramante, Raphael, Michelangelo, Bernini and Maderno.
It is widely believed that the Vatican City and the Holy See are one and the same, whereas in reality they are not. The Holy See dates back to early Christianity and is the main episcopal see of 1.2 billion Latin and Eastern Catholic adherents around the globe. Ordinances of Vatican City are published in Italian; official documents of the Holy See are issued mainly in Latin. The two entities have distinct passports: the Holy See, not being a country, issues only diplomatic and service passports, whereas Vatican City State issues normal passports.
In Vatican City, the buildings are far more historic and architecturally interesting. When talking about terrain, most of the country’s area is the Vatican gardens. Surely will give you pleasure during roaming around.
St Peter’s Basilica: The centre of the Catholic world, this magnificent basilica with its Michelangelo designed dome has an awe-inspiring interior. This place is huge, but everything is in such proportion that the scale escapes you. To get in, you will first go through a metal detector (after all, this is an important building). Don’t be put off if there is a long line in front of the detectors; the whole thing moves quickly. The line is usually shorter in the morning and during mid week. A strict dress code is enforced (as in many other houses of worship), so have shoulders covered, wear trousers or a not-too-short dress, and take your hats off (which is the custom in churches in Europe. You might be required to check bags at the entrance. Photos are allowed to be taken inside, but not with a flash. The lack of light will probably cause your pictures not to turn out very well, so you may want to buy a few postcards to keep as souvenirs.
If you want to see the pope, you can either see a usual blessing from his apartment at noon on Sunday, just show up (but in the summer he gives it from his summer residence at Castel Gandolfo, 25 miles from Rome) or you can go to the more formal Wednesday appearance. The pope arrives in the popemobile at 10:30 AM to bless crowds from a balcony or platform, except in winter, when he speaks in the Aula Paola VI Auditorium next to the square. You can easily watch from a distance, or get a free ticket, which you must get on the Tuesday before.
St. Peter’s Piazza: The Piazza di San Pietro is actually an ellipse. There are two stones (one on each side of the square) between the obelisk and the fountains. If you step on either of these stones, the four columns on the colonnades merge into one. The fountains were made by two different architects, Maderno and Bernini.
The Vatican Museum:One of the greatest art galleries in the world, the museum is most famous for its spiral staircase, the Raphael Rooms and the exquisitely decorated Sistine Chapel famous for Michelangelo’s frescos. It’s organized so you follow a one-way route; do see it! Don’t put it off, because it closes before the rest of the museum does! Closed on Sundays except last Sunday of the month; when it is free, crowded, and open 9:00 AM-2:00 PM.The Vatican Museums have a reasonable cafeteria style restaurant, a bar, and a pizzeria, all of which are open during museum opening hours, and until about one hour after closing
Castel Sant’Angelo : The most fascinating building in Rome. The core of the structure began life as the mausoleum of the Emperor Hadrian, built between 135 and 139 AD. Subsequent strongholds built on top of the mausoleum were in turn incorporated into a residence and castle by medieval Popes. The building was used as a prison until 1870, but now houses a museum.
Since Vatican City is a Papal state, such respect and reverence to the Roman Catholic Church and its practices and doctrine is encouraged. Those who aren’t Catholic and are openly declaring it or blatantly attacking the Church’s views and beliefs may be discriminated against, treated as less than an equal, or at less looked down on so try to keep your beliefs to yourself and don’t get engages in debate of over beliefs. It’s a part of religious matter and there is no space of debate when the matter of faith comes. So, just enjoy and explore the beauty of Vatican City with its beautiful architecture and soothing environment all around. This city remain full of tourist all around the year so, you can get friendly nature people here. Good Accommodation is not a problem here, you will easily get good and safe accommodation under your budget.