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Eritrea Travel and Tourism

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Eritrea , officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The east and northeast of the country have an extensive coastline on the Red Sea, directly across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands are part of Eritrea. Its size is just under 118,000 km² with an estimated population of 5 million. The capital is Asmara. Eritrea was once home to the Kingdom of Dʿmt and formed part of the Aksumite Empire. Italy conquered Eritrea and the Italian government formally consolidated it into a colony on January 1, 1890. In 1936 it became a province of Italian East Africa , along with Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland. The British armed forces expelled the Italian armed forces in 1941 and took over the administration of the country which had been set up by the Italians. The British continued to administer the territory under a UN Mandate until 1951 when Eritrea was federated with Ethiopia as per UN resolution 390 adopted in December 1950; the resolution was adopted in the absence of any form of consultation with the people of Eritrea. Increasing unrest and resistance in Eritrea against the federation with Ethiopia eventually led to a decision by the Ethiopian government to annex Eritrea as its 14th province in 1962. This was the culimination of a gradual process of takeover by the Ethiopian authorities, a process which included an edict in 1959 establishing the compulsory teaching of Amharic, the main language of Ethiopia, in all Eritrean schools. An Eritrean independence movement formed in the early 1960s which erupted into a 31-year long war against successive Ethiopian governments that ended in 1991. Following a UN-supervised referendum in Eritrea dubbed UNOVER in which the Eritrean people overwhelmingly voted for independence from Ethiopia, Eritrea declared its independence and gained international recognition in 1993. English is used in the government's international communication and is the language of instruction in all formal education beyond the fifth grade. Eritrea is a single-party state - while its constitution, adopted in 1997, stipulates that the state is a presidential republic with a unicameral parliamentary democracy, it has yet to be implemented. According to the government, this is due to the prevailing border conflict with Ethiopia which began in May 1998.

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Birdwatching tourism ready for take off in Eritrea - Asmara
Birdwatching tourism ready for take off in Eritrea Down on the ground, an American tourist and passionate birdwatcher treads past a narrow valley's candelabra trees and prickly pear, hoping for a rare glimpse of a species not yet recorded in the Horn of Africa country. The holy grail would be the Blue-Winged Goose, he said, adjusting the cameras hanging from his body. There are vague reports of it being found in Eritrea, but as far as I know no reliable records. Eritrea's diversity of forest, desert, mountain, and beach -- lying between 2,234 km (1,396 miles) of Red Sea coastline and mountains thousands of metres high -- provide a rich variety for birdlife, experts say. Ethiopia-Eritrea are one of Africa's birding hotspots possessing 861 species, including ...

Visit between October to March to Eritrea - Asmara
Visit between October to March to Eritrea In terms of climate, the worst time to visit Eritrea is June to August, when the rainfall is at its highest in the highlands and the west, and when the eastern lowlands are sun-baked to within an inch of their geographical existence; the best times are from October to March. You might also want to time your visit to coincide with one or more of the region's prime religious festivals, such as Timkat (19 January) or Meskel (27 September). Land mines - Border Issues - Permits Land mines are a major problem, particularly in border regions with Ethiopia and the areas west, south and southeast of Barentu. Avoid travel along the Agordat-Hawashayt road and north of Afabet. The border with Ethiopia is permanently closed...