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Ireland Travel and Tourism

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Ireland , locally ; Irish: is the third-largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world. It lies to the north-west of continental Europe and is surrounded by hundreds of islands and islets. To the east of Ireland, separated by the Irish Sea, is the island of Great Britain. Politically, the sovereign country of Ireland covers five-sixths of the island, with Northern Ireland covering the remainder in the north-east. The first settlements in Ireland date from 8000 BC. By 200 BC Celtic migration and influence had come to dominate the island. Relatively small scale settlements of both the Vikings and Normans in the Middle Ages gave way to complete English domination by the 1600s. Protestant English rule resulted in the marginalisation of the Catholic majority, although in the north-east, Protestants were in the majority due to the Plantation of Ulster. Ireland became part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1801. A famine in the mid-1800s caused large-scale death and emigration. The Anglo-Irish War ended in 1921 with the British Government proposing a truce and during which the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, creating the Irish Free State, a Dominion within the British Empire, with effective internal independence but still constitutionally linked with the British Crown. Northern Ireland, consisting of six of the 32 Irish counties which had been established as a devolved region under the 1920 Government of Ireland Act, immediately exercised its option under the treaty to retain its existing status within the United Kingdom. The Free State left the Commonwealth to become a republic in 1949. In 1973 both parts of Ireland joined the European Community. Conflict in Northern Ireland led to much unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s, which subsided following a peace deal in 1998. The population of the island is slightly under 6 million , with 4.2 million in the Republic and an estimated almost 1.75 million in Northern Ireland. This is a significant increase from a modern historical low in the 1960s, but still much lower than the peak population of over 8 million in the early 19th century, prior to the Great Famine. The name Ireland derives from the name of the Celtic goddess Ériu with the addition of the Germanic word land. Most other western European names for Ireland, such as Spanish Irlanda, derive from the same source.

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Activities Results 1 to 4 of 4
Hiking in Ireland - Dublin
Hiking in Ireland Ireland boasts an incredible array of coastal walks. From the Beara Way in Co Cork and Kerry, to the West Quarter Loop on Inishbofin, there are breathtaking trails waiting for you. Many of the walks are developed by local communities in conjunction with local landowners who have given walkers permissive access to enter private and often agricultural land. Hiking in Ireland will provide you a reason to get out into the wilderness.Clamber over stone walls and crawl into ancient tombs. Hike along ancient pilgrimage paths and walk to waterfalls and weather permitting we'll picnic on cliff tops and in summer meadows. Every day in Ireland with hiking activity features a mix of great fun activities to make your Ireland Ad...

Culture of Ireland - Dublin
Culture of Ireland The culture of Ireland has emerged out of the number of marauding tribes, the numerous historical events into what it is today. You need to be acquainted with the culture of Ireland if you are planning for a tour to this fascinating land. Here are some of the highlights of he culture of Ireland. The culture of the people living on the island of Ireland is far from monolithic. Many notable cultural divides exist between the rural people and city dwellers, between the Catholic and Protestant people of Northern Ireland, between the Irish-speaking people inside and outside the Gaeltacht regions and the English-speaking majority population, and increasingly between new immigrants and the native population. The tradi...

Wildlife in Ireland - Dublin
Wildlife in Ireland Though Ireland separated from the European mainland after the last Ice Age, the floral and faunal assemblage found in this country is as rich and varied as that found anywhere else in Europe. However, Wildlife in Ireland boasts of a rich and colorful avifauna population that includes around 380 species of wild birds, of which 135 are indigenous to the country. A number of migratory birds come to Ireland in spring and autumn. In winters, migratory birds from as far as Greenland and Iceland come to the country and make up for 75 per cent of the world's population of the Greenland white fronted goose during this time of the year. Wildlife in Ireland: Bird Species found in the Country You can find large colonie...

When to Go Ireland - Dublin
When to Go Ireland If you go to Ireland in July or August, you can expect reasonably warm weather, longer days and a lively menu of festivals. However, this is peak season, which presents some challenges if you're wanting a bit of solitude. Spring and autumn can also be delightful seasons, with smaller crowds of tourists. Winter weather can be downright inhospitable, but Ireland (the west coast in particular) does look beautiful in the rain, and there's nearly always a pub nearby to duck into. However, in many Irish towns restaurants and B&Bs close down around October and don't reopen until Easter. With a few advance phone calls you can avoid getting stranded somewhere with no place to sleep or eat. Despite its northern latitude, ...