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South Africa Travel and Tourism

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Republic of South Africa, also known by other official names, is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa. The South African coast stretches 2,798 kilometres and borders both the Atlantic and Indian oceans. To the north of South Africa lie Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe, to the east are Mozambique and Swaziland, while the Kingdom of Lesotho is an independent enclave surrounded by South African territory. Modern human beings have inhabited South Africa for more than 100,000 years. At the time of European contact, its indigenous peoples reflected migrations from other parts of Africa, where new tribes had become dominant. Two major groups were Xhosa and Zulu peoples. In 1652, a century and a half after the discovery of the Cape Sea Route, the Dutch East India Company founded a refreshment station at what would become Cape Town. Cape Town became a British colony in 1806. European settlement expanded during the 1820s as the Boers and the British 1820 Settlers claimed land in the north and east of the country. Conflicts arose among the Xhosa, Zulu and Afrikaner groups who competed for territory. The discovery of diamonds and later gold triggered the conflict known as the Anglo-Boer War, as the Boers and the British fought for the control of the South African mineral wealth. Although the Boers were defeated, the British gave limited independence to South Africa in 1910 as a British dominion. Within the country, anti-British policies among white South Africans focused on independence. During the Dutch and British colonial years, racial segregation was informal. Power was held by the colonists. In the Boer republics and subsequent South African governments, the system became legally institutionalised segregation known as apartheid, which established three classes of racial stratification. South Africa achieved its political independence in 1961 when it was declared a republic. The government legislated for a continuation of apartheid, despite opposition both in and outside of the country. In 1990, South African government began negotiations that led to dismantling of discriminative laws, and democratic elections in 1994. The country rejoined the Commonwealth of Nations. South Africa is known for its diversity in cultures, languages, and religious beliefs. Eleven official languages are recognised in the constitution. English is the most commonly spoken language in official and commercial public life; however, it is only the fifth most-spoken home language. South Africa is ethnically diverse, with the largest Caucasian, Indian, and racially mixed communities in Africa. Although 79.6% of the South African population is Black, this category is neither culturally nor linguistically homogeneous. People within this classification represent a variety of ethnic groups and speak a number of different Bantu languages, nine of which have official status. Midyear 2007, the South African population was estimated at 47.9 million. About a quarter of the population is unemployed and lives on less than US$ 1.25 a day.

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South Africa: Money & Costs - Pretoria
South Africa: Money & Costs Shoestring travellers prepared to camp or stay in hostels and self-cater could just about scrape by on less than US$15.00 per day. Travelling, other than hitching, will bump this up considerably as the road is long and public transport can be expensive. Most backpackers spend between US$20.00 and US$30.00 per day. Safaris, bungee jumps and surfing are all additional costs. Those who prefer to stay in hotels with private facilities, eat restaurant meals a couple of times a day and travel freely by bus or train are looking at US$40.00 - US$60.00 per person. South Africa has introduced new coins and notes, but old coins are still common so it's hard to become familiar with what you're jangling. The R200 note looks a lo...

South African Culture - Pretoria
South African Culture Perhaps one of the most outstanding things about South African culture is that it is not one single culture, but rather a range of different cultures representing every level of a very stratified community. Hybrid mixtures of these different cultures also exist, making South Africa one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. There are a number of cultural attractions in South Africa which are definitely worth visiting. Take, for instance, one of the most famous ones – that of Robben Island wherein Nelson Mandela, the first black president of the country, was once imprisoned for his efforts to free his people from oppression. In KwaZulu Natal you will find that the Zulu culture is still very much aliv...

Exquisite Graaff Reinet, S Africa - Pretoria
Exquisite Graaff Reinet, S Africa Graaff Reinet is one of the jewels of Eastern Cape. The old town is marvelously preserved with Cape Dutch and Afrikaans architecture. In my opinion, it was one of the most beautiful towns I have ever seen. The Dutch reformed church at the main square was a focal point of visit, as was the Reinet House. Unfortunately we only had one and a half hours at this beautiful town.

Holidaying in Cape Town - Pretoria
Holidaying in Cape Town Cape Town is said to be the most beautiful city in South Africa. For many people, local and international Cape Town has become a top holiday destination. For many different reasons this city offers all you need in a great holiday destination. Whether you are looking for a holiday steeped in history or holidays spent relaxing on a beach with warm sun and clean blue water – Cape Town is where you will find it. This is a friendly city with many attractions and activities for any visitor. Cape Town offers a vibrant city life and deep in the South, you will find seclusion and quiet. Many factors, besides the above are a draw card to international travelers. Cape Town, South Africa has a secure infrastructure, where v...

ICC & DEC Durban, Kwa Zulu Natal - Pretoria
ICC & DEC Durban, Kwa Zulu Natal ICC & DEC Durban, Kwa-Zulu Natal Venue : ICC & DEC Durban Kwa Zulu Natal, South Africa Dates: 6 - 9 May 2006 Opening Times: Exhibitors 08h00 - 18h00 Widely regarded as the continent's premier travel trade exhibition, Indaba has grown in status, quality and diversity to become one of the industry's top three ‘must visit' travel trade shows of its kind on the global calendar. Indaba 2005, regarded as the most successful and productive ever, saw a record number of 10 700 participants. Tourism products and services from over 1500 companies came together to showcase the best the Sout...