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South Africa Travel and Tourism

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Republic of South Africa, also known by other official names, is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa. The South African coast stretches 2,798 kilometres and borders both the Atlantic and Indian oceans. To the north of South Africa lie Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe, to the east are Mozambique and Swaziland, while the Kingdom of Lesotho is an independent enclave surrounded by South African territory. Modern human beings have inhabited South Africa for more than 100,000 years. At the time of European contact, its indigenous peoples reflected migrations from other parts of Africa, where new tribes had become dominant. Two major groups were Xhosa and Zulu peoples. In 1652, a century and a half after the discovery of the Cape Sea Route, the Dutch East India Company founded a refreshment station at what would become Cape Town. Cape Town became a British colony in 1806. European settlement expanded during the 1820s as the Boers and the British 1820 Settlers claimed land in the north and east of the country. Conflicts arose among the Xhosa, Zulu and Afrikaner groups who competed for territory. The discovery of diamonds and later gold triggered the conflict known as the Anglo-Boer War, as the Boers and the British fought for the control of the South African mineral wealth. Although the Boers were defeated, the British gave limited independence to South Africa in 1910 as a British dominion. Within the country, anti-British policies among white South Africans focused on independence. During the Dutch and British colonial years, racial segregation was informal. Power was held by the colonists. In the Boer republics and subsequent South African governments, the system became legally institutionalised segregation known as apartheid, which established three classes of racial stratification. South Africa achieved its political independence in 1961 when it was declared a republic. The government legislated for a continuation of apartheid, despite opposition both in and outside of the country. In 1990, South African government began negotiations that led to dismantling of discriminative laws, and democratic elections in 1994. The country rejoined the Commonwealth of Nations. South Africa is known for its diversity in cultures, languages, and religious beliefs. Eleven official languages are recognised in the constitution. English is the most commonly spoken language in official and commercial public life; however, it is only the fifth most-spoken home language. South Africa is ethnically diverse, with the largest Caucasian, Indian, and racially mixed communities in Africa. Although 79.6% of the South African population is Black, this category is neither culturally nor linguistically homogeneous. People within this classification represent a variety of ethnic groups and speak a number of different Bantu languages, nine of which have official status. Midyear 2007, the South African population was estimated at 47.9 million. About a quarter of the population is unemployed and lives on less than US$ 1.25 a day.

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South Africa a Quick Alphabetical Tour - Pretoria
South Africa a Quick Alphabetical Tour At the very end of Africa is a land of wonder - offering everything possible to satisfy anyone's vacation or holiday needs. The following is a brief alphabetical tour of the highlights: A - Addo Elephant Park - currently housing more than 450 elephants, 400 Cape buffalo, over 48 endangered black rhino as well as a variety of antelope species. Lion and spotted hyena have also recently been re-introduced to the area. B - Beaches - South Africa has some wonderful beaches, including Blue Flag beaches - some on the cooler Atlantic Coast, and others on the warm Indian Ocean. Visit the Western Cape, Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal for endless golden sand. C - Cape Town - rightfully called the most beautiful city in t...

Festivals and Events in South Africa - Pretoria
Festivals and Events in South Africa It would not be wrong to describe Africa as the festival Continent. There are plenty of Festivals and Events in South Africa. Throughout the whole Continent, colorful and vibrant festivals are celebrated through musical, religious, cultural and harvest. Listed below are some of the most popular Festivals and Events in South Africa - The Aboakyir festival is celebrated on May each year. This Festival is celebrated by the people of Simpa or Winneba in the Central Region of Ghana. The festival is a celebration to mark the migration of these people from the ancient Western Sudan Empire where they were led by 2 brothers and a god called Otu. The Homowo Festival is celebrated on August and September. This festival is cel...

Weather in South Africa - Pretoria
Weather in South Africa Weather in South Africa is pleasant for most of the year attracting millions of tourists to visit this amazing country. The geography of South Africa is mainly responsible for the weather conditions. The climatic zones in the country vary from region to region. Before planning a trip to South Africa, information about the Weather in South Africa should be inquired. The wonderful and vibrant country of South Africa is located in the southern most part of the African continent. The long stretch of coastline in South Africa is shared with the Indian Ocean on one side and the Atlantic Ocean on the other. Being among the 25 largest countries in the world, there are variations in South African weather conditions. South Af...

Food of South Africa - Pretoria
Food of South Africa Food of South Africa is a fine blend of cuisines from different countries of South Africa. The history of South Africa is a witness to the combination of food culture in the country. South Africa has various groups of tribes in the country besides the foreigners. Tourists will like the Food of South Africa, which is unique and authentic. The cuisine of the country is a gastronomic distinction, which is influenced by the geography, history and culture of this beautiful land. Food of South Africa is an astoundingly superb on the taste buds. South African food is the outcome of the mixture of immensely diverse cultures and tribal cuisines. Tourists can feel the taste of the culinary skills of Asia, Europe, Africa and t...

Christmas in South Africa - Pretoria
Christmas in South Africa Celebration of Christmas in South Africa is different from rest of the world. Christmas in South Africa is a part of the summer holiday. In December, the southern summer brings glorious days of sunshine in the beaches, the rivers, and the shaded mountain slopes of South Africa. This signals the prelude to Christmas in South Africa. Schools, colleges, public and private institutions remain closed during this time. The Christian communities large and small celebrate Christmas in South Africa. There are approximately 350 million Christians living in Africa. On Christmas day, carols are sung in the churches and cathedrals from Congo to South Africa. The Coptic Christians in Ethiopia and Egypt celebrate Christmas on the 7...