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South Korea Travel and Tourism

South Korea Flag

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea, is a country in East Asia, located on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula. Also known as the "Land of the Morning Calm", it is neighbored by China to the west and Japan to the east, bordering North Korea to the north. Its capital is Seoul, the second largest metropolitan city in the world and a major global city. South Korea lies in a temperate climate region with a predominantly mountainous terrain. Its territory covers a total area of 100,032 square kilometers and has a population of almost 50 million, making it one of the most densely populated regions in the world. South Korea is a presidential republic consisting of 16 administrative divisions. Archaeological findings show that the Korean Peninsula was occupied as early as the Lower Paleolithic period. Korean history begins with the founding of Gojoseon in 2333 BCE by Dangun. Following the unification of Three Kingdoms of Korea under Silla 668 CE, Korea went through the Goryeo and Joseon Dynasty as one nation until the end of the Korean Empire in 1910. After liberation and division, South Korea was established in 1948 as a democracy. Following the Korean War, the South Korean economy grew significantly, transforming the country into a major global economy. This is known as the Miracle on the Han River and the country became one of the Four Asian Tigers. South Korea is a developed country and a full democracy. It is a High-income OECD member, having the fourth largest economy in Asia and the 15th largest in the world. South Korea is the world leader in innovation among major economies and a leader in technologically advanced goods such as electronics, automobiles, ships, machinery, petrochemicals and robotics, headed by Samsung, LG and Hyundai-Kia. It is a member of the United Nations, WTO, OECD and G-20 major economies. It is also a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit, and a major non-NATO ally of the United States. In the 21st century, there has been increased interest in Korean culture throughout Asia.

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Korean Folk Village Religious Ceremonies and Festivals - Seoul
Korean Folk Village Religious Ceremonies and Festivals Folklore religion- Religions in Korea were divided into three large categories: Shamanism, worship of the house god and worship of the village god. Shamanism is a religion centered around shamans and can belargely divided into kang-sin-mu and hereditary shaman. The name ofshaman differed by region and praying method. Worshipping of the housegod was generally observed by performing ritual services to house site god,three gods governing childbirth, ancestor god, house master god, the god of earth, toilet god, and dragon god were performed. Worshipping of thevillage god was observed by performing ritual service for the god who guards the village. A shrine of the mountain god, Sansindang, was built on the hill at the ba...