Facts about South Korea

Facts about South Korea furnish you with enough information on the history, culture, climate, geography and transportation in South Korea. Browse through South Korea travel guide and get to know more on important Facts about South Korea.
South Korean facts act as a guide for South Korea tours and South Korea travel. According to Archaeological sources, the Korean peninsula was inhabited from the time of Paleolithic period.
The establishment of Gojoseon in 2333 BCE by Dangun prompted the founding of Korea. The frontiers of Gojoseon expanded as far as the northern Korean peninsula, occupying parts of Manchuria as well. Several battles with the Chinese Han Dynasty hastened the process of the disintegration of Gojoseon, leading to the establishment of the Proto-Three Kingdoms of Korea period.
Profound Buddhist influences and other influences came from China and had a tremendous impact upon Korean culture. Bulguksa temple established during the Silla era is now a recognized UNESCO World Heritage Site. The merger of the Three Kingdoms by Silla in the year 676 CE led to the North-South States period. During this time much of the Korean peninsula was administered by Unified Silla, while Balhae controlled northern parts of Goguryeo. Poetry and art were promoted by Unified Silla and the flowering of Buddhist culture followed. Relationships between Korea and China were marked by bonhomie during this period. Unified Silla was fraught with internal conflicts, and ultimately surrendered to Goryeo in 935.
Goryeo was susceptible to the marauding raids by the Mongols around the 13th century, a major factor behind weakening of Goryeo. However, Goryeo continued its rule over the Korean peninsula as a tributary ally of the Mongols. Embroiled in political strife and invasions, Goryeo was soon replaced by the Joseon Dynasty in 1388. A major event during this period was the rise of Confucianism.
During the fag end of the Joseon Dynasty, Korea followed an isolationist policy mainly for defense against Western imperialism. In 1910, Korea was captured by Japan. In spite of strong opposition, Japan controlled Korea till the end of the Second World War in 1945.
Get to know more about the transportation in South Korea with the help of several Facts about South Korea. South Korea is served by an excellent network of railways, highways, bus services, ferry services and airline services. The Incheon International Airport is the chief airport of the country. A variety of subways and highways enable easy and convenient South Korea travel.

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