Fakaofo, formerly known as Bowditch Island, is a South Pacific Ocean atoll located at 171 15′ West, 9 25′ South in the Tokelau Group. The actual land area is only about 3 km, consisting of islets on a coral reef surrounding a central lagoon of some 45 km.

The main settlement on the island is Fale on Fale Islet, towards the western side of the atoll. Two kilometers to the west of it is the relatively large Fenua Fala Islet, where a second settlement had been established in 1960. Other islets in the group include Teafua, Nukumatau, Nukulakia, Fenua Loa, Saumatafanga, Motu Akea, Matangi, Lalo, and Mulifenua.