Nagaland boasts of its rich flora & fauna. Each of the sanctuary in Nagaland is different than the other in terms of variety and scenic beauty. The Fakim Sanctuary in Nagaland is close to the Myanmar border. The sanctuary lies in the Pungro circle headquarter in Nagaland. The Nagaland Fakim Sanctuary is spread over an area of 642 ha. The Fakim Sanctuary receives high rainfall and is home to numerous flora & fauna. The sanctuary houses some of the rare species of flora & fauna, found elsewhere.
Physiographically, the area is covered with hills, high ridges deep gorges and narrow valleys. Because of this variation, in altitude, vegetation of this district is equally varied and variegated. Forest of the district is tropical to sub-tropical. Important trees found in the district are, Bonsum, Bogipoma, Khasi Pine, Oaks, Amari, Gamari, Hollock, Nahor, Uriam, Alder, Kachnar, Sasi, etc.
Because of heavy rainfall in these area the forests are full of undergrowth shrubs. More than dozen species of ferns and numerous species of orchids are found in this district. Rhododendrons are found flowering pleasantly in March- April.Various variety of canes bamboos are also found in abundance. Trees of Dalchini and Tejpata are found scattered in the area.
The Fakim Sanctuary is quite rich in its variety of fauna. Some important animals found in the district are; Tiger, Hoolock gibbons, Panther, Jungle Cat, Himalayan Bear, Bison, Sambar, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Slender Loris etc. Indian Horn Bill, Tragopan Pheasant, Grey Pheasant, Jungle Fowl, Green Pigeon, Doves etc are important birds found in the district.
The best time to visit to this sanctuary is November to February. Once in Kohima, one can easily reach the sanctuary by bus or taxi.