Independence Day (4th October) celebrates the day that Lesotho achieved independance from the British Empire.
Moshoeshoe Day (14th March) celebrates the life of the founding father of the country. In Maseru, the procession goes from the Palace all the way to the Sotho Stadium, and involves many people dressed up in Lesotho’s vibrant and colourful traditional dress – usually comprising blankets and sticks and if you’re lucky, the cat hat! Women involved in the parade will be carrying huge bundles of sticks, as they traditionally would do, whilst the men will either be doing traditional dances, riding horses, or herding bulls along the road! At the stadium, after the procession has arrived, there are military and police parades, which aren’t nearly so enjoyable.
Maletsunyane Falls — Nestled in the Lesotho highlands is Southern Africa’s highest single drop waterfall. Above the waterfall, the Maletsunyane River in itself is nothing spectacular, which makes the discovery of the falls even more amazing! The scramble down the sides of the gorge is hard, but fairly safe and the noise and spray at the bottom by the pool is awe inspiring! Because no sun shines on the bottom, there is often snow down there, even in summer! If you’re very adventurous you could also do the world’s highest commercial abseil off the 200m high cliff! It is located close to Semonkong.
Morija — There is much history in this quaint little town, not just at the great Morija Museum: famous dinosaur footprints of the not-so-famous Lesothosaurus (no joke!) lie in the hills above.
Katse Dam — This stunning 185m dam wall is part of a larger water scheme to sell water to South Africa’s Gauteng province and produce electricity for Lesotho. The result is a huge man made reservoir which stores the water that is gravity-fed to South Africa. The beauty of this award-winning feat of engineering is eclipsed, however, by the surrounding mountains and rural countryside.
Thaba Bosiu — The mountain stronghold where the great warrior and diplomat King Moeshoeshoe the Great established the Kingdom of Lesotho, fighting off wave after wave of attacks by white settlers and hostile African armies. Still today, the Kings and Queens of Lesotho are buried here.
Pony-Trekking at either Malealea, in Katse, or at the Basotho Pony-Trekking Centre — whether your a seasoned pro at horse riding or a complete novice, pony-trekking is an extremely enjoyable way to see the Lesotho countryside! These organized tours give you access to parts of the country which you wouldn’t see from your car. The exceptionally sure-footed Basotho Pony can take you through far-off villages and atop daunting mountains.
Hiking in the Highlands. Contact the Department of Tourism, who will find you a guide, and then fly into a completely cut off village and hike your way out, staying in remote villages over night. You can also purchase 1:25,000 topographical maps for about 25LSL from the office of Lands, Surveys, and Physical Planning in downtown Maseru and do this yourself (recommeded only for experienced hikers).
Craft shopping at Maseru, Teyateyaneng, or Hlotse, where you can buy traditional Basotho hats, sticks, rugs and various other curios.