Geography of Russia

Geography of Russia tells us about the topography of Russia. Geography of Russia also throws light on the mineral resources, climate and population of the country.
Russia is the world’s largest country. It has a population of about 149 million. It spreads over a land area of 6.6 million square miles. Moscow is the capital of Russia. Moscow and St Petersburg are the major cities of the country.
As the largest country of the world, Russia has a diverse geography. Northern Russian which extends into the Arctic Circle consists primarily of tundra and forests, with thousands of lakes. Mountains are an integral part of Russia.
The Ural Mountains cover 2,500 miles of eastern Russia. The Caucasus Mountains cross the southern part of Russia, from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea. The Altai range is to be found in southern Siberia. The Kamchatka Mountains stretch along the Pacific coast.
From the western borders of Russia to the Ural Mountains lies the North European Plain. This is a large rolling plain with rich soil and grasslands.
Russia boasts of 120,000 rivers. Each river has a length of 10 kilometers or more. The majority of all local rivers, which includes Ob, Irtysh, Yenisei and Lena, are located in the Arctic Ocean basin.
The Amur, Anadyr, Penzhina and some other rivers flow into the Pacific Ocean. The Don, Kuban and Neva rivers flow into the seas bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Russia’s most important river, the Volga, flows all the way to the Caspian Sea.
Russia has very rich mineral resources. The total potential value of the resources is estimated at an impressive $30 trillion. Russia produces 17 per cent of the world’s crude oil. It also produces 25 to 30 per cent of the world’s natural gas, 6 per cent of bituminous coal, 17 per cent of commercial iron ore and 10 to 20 per cent of all non-ferrous, rare and noble metals mined across the globe. The largest oil-and-gas deposits are to be found in Western and Eastern Siberia and on Sakhalin Island.
Russia’s large geographical territory gives it a very diverse climate. As the northern coastline borders on the Arctic Ocean, it experiences severe winters. In the south, Russia has hot desert areas.
Three quarters of the Russian population lives in the cities and towns of western Russia. About 25% of the population still lives in rural areas.

Leave a Comment