Geography of Vietnam

Vietnam is situated in the southeastern fringe of the Indochinese cape and covers about 331,688 square kilometers of land, of which more than 25 % was under development till the year 1987. Vietnam tourism is booming these days and it is a good idea to have information regarding Geography of Vietnam before you go for a holiday in Vietnam. The Geography of Vietnam gives you extensive information about its location and various parts.
Vietnam is surrounded by the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin and South China Sea, flanking Laos, China and Cambodia. As portrayed by the Geography of Vietnam, this country is S-shaped and has a distance of 1,650 kilometers from north-to-south and it is around 50 kilometers broad at the narrowest point. Including a coastline of 3,260 kilometers, Vietnam has 12 sailing miles as the limit of its territorial waters.
According to Geography of Vietnam, this country is divided into 59 provinces. Vietnam also has 5 centrally-controlled municipalities accessible at the same point as provinces. The provinces have further be subdivided into provincial municipalities, townships, counties and then into communes. The centrally-controlled municipalities are again divided into districts and wards.
Vietnam is a country of hills, sultry lowlands and thickly forested highlands including level land covering more than 20 % of the area. Vietnam is divided into the Red River delta in the north, the coastal lowlands, the highlands and the Giai Truong Son, and the Mekong River Delta in the south. The delta of the Red River, which is known as the Sông H?ng in local dialect, is a flat and triangular region of 15,000 square kilometers. This region is smaller but more deeply urbanized and more thickly populated than the Mekong River Delta. The familial habitat of the ethnic Vietnamese, the delta holds more than 70% of the agriculture and 80% of the production of North Vietnam before 1975.
Another important region of Geography of Vietnam is Central Highlands. Tay Nguyen, local name of central highland, is around 51,800 square kilometers of rough mountain crests, wide-ranging forests, and affluent soil. Consisting total 5 moderately flat plateaus of basalt soil, the central highland includes several provinces like Dac Lac, Gia Lai, and Kon Tom. Coastal lowlands is a narrow and flat coastal lowlands expanding from south of the Mekong River basin to Red River Delta. On the landward part, the Giai Truong Son stands steeply above the coast with several parts of sea at several places.
The highland is another important part of Geography of Vietnam. This highland is the mountain plateaus at the northern and northwest parts, which is mainly inhabited by tribal minority groups. The Giai Truong Son derives in the Yunnan and Tibetan regions of southwest China forming Vietnam’s boundary with Cambodia and Laos. These central mountains are uneven in altitude and shape. The northern sector is narrow and very rocky. The highest peak of the country, named Fan Si Pan, stands to 3,142 meters in the farthest northwest. The southern part has several incites that are divided into a series of compartments.

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