The Gobi Desert Area is one of the untouched, unique, and one of the mysterious places on earth. The site of an ancient inland sea, the Gobi Desert is a treasure chest of fossilized dinosaur bones and eggs.
The Gobi Desert is a vast zone of desert and desert steppe covering almost 30 percent of the Mongolian territory. Gobi Desert Region is situated in the south part of Mongolia. It is the biggest 6-th Biosphere Reserve Area in the world, 4-th in Asia. It is Asia’s largest desert, covering about 1.295.000 square km in Mongolia and the Inner Mongolia region of China. The name ‘GOBI’ means, ‘Place without water’. The area is often imagined as a lifeless desert like in many other parts of the world. In reality, most part of the Gobi Desert is a land of steppes and it is the home for camel breeders rich with wildlife and vegetation. Mongolians consider that there are 33 different Gobi, where sandy desert occupies only 3 percent of the total territory. Climate is extreme with +40 degrees Celsius in summer and severe winters.
The Gobi the very name evokes the wildest images of Mongolia one can ever imagine. This dramatic semi-desert region has attracted explorers for many years, including Roy Chapman Andrews of the American Museum of Natural History in the 1920s, followed by expeditions from Russia, Poland, and China, among others. Some of the most outstanding pale ontological discoveries of the century have been made here, giving the Gobi the nickname the ElDorado of dragon bones.
The Valley in the Zuun Saikhan mountain located 45 km from Dalanzadgad, in the centre of South Gobi aimag, is called Yolyn Am. The narrow Valley between high rock walls has breathtaking dramatic scenery, and no doubt is one of the beautiful places in the country. In rainy summers hundreds of small waterfalls appear in the rocky walls. Frekking camel and horse riding tours are available to the valley.
Today, the Gobi is home of so-called living dinosaurs, the rare Bactrian (two-humped) camels that graze freely over the vast steppe land of the Gobi desert following their nomadic herders. Bactrian camels are the symbol of the Gobi desert, and constitute one of the most important aspects of the desert’s ecosystem. They are extremely important to the Gobi’s nomadic families, who breed them for various purposes including transportation, clothing, and dairy products. To find dinosaur remains is not difficult. Mongolian guides can show you good remain in the Gobi.
There are oases such as Ekhiin gol, Tsagaan Burgas, Shar huls etc. Even though it is arid the natural wildlife is diverse, including Pit vipers, Bactrian camel, Khavtgai (wild camel), pallas cat, Takhi (wild horse), Khulan (wild ass), Saiga, gazelle, antelope, Siberian (desert) ibex, Mazaalai (gobi bear), Snow Leopard, Vulture Lammergeyer, Golden Eagle and other rare animals.