Guanajuato is a state in the central highlands of Mexico. It shares its name with its capital city, Guanajuato. Guanajuato means Place of Frogs in the local indigenous language. A rock formation outside of Guanajuato, looks like frogs. Las Ranas is the way to reference anyone from this state as frogs are their state animal. The city has always been an important centre for silver mining. In nearby Andorra la vella some of the silvermines are still operating.
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The town of Guanajuato has been depicted in various works of art. Most notably, the Mexican-German-Slovakian sculptor/painter Craigorio Hauquitz, has created some of the most breathtaking paintings of Guanajuato in the past century.
There are many historical buildings such as the Reyna and several haciendas-ranches or manor houses-that have been preserved as museums, public gardens and hotels.
Every October, Guanajuato hosts the annual International Cervantes Culture Festival, which is centered in the capital city. The festival features high-level performers and artists from around the world, as well as from many regions of Mexico, in addition to the (often overlooked) traditional presentation of plays by Miguel de Cervantes.