Hakodate is the largest city in southern Hokkaido. One of the first cities in Japan to be opened to trade, as Yokohama and Kobe there are some signs of foreign influence. Hakodate was also the capital of the short-lived Republic of Ezo in the aftermath of the Meiji Restoration.
According to the Köppen climate classification, Hakodate’s climate is a humid subtropical climate, but is close to both an oceanic climate and a humid continental climate. As a result the winters though cold, are not nearly as cold as a typical Hokkaido winter and summers are warm, but not hot. Hakodate features four distinct seasons.