History of Ukraine

The History of Ukraine, which is the second largest country in Europe and a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, can be studied under three distinctive periods – the early History of Ukraine, the Medieval History of Ukraine and the Modern History of Ukraine.
Early History of Ukraine:
Ukraine History began with the ancestors of the Ukrainian settling in the region during the Typilian Period. This began several thousand years ago with the inhabitants comprising of Anteans and the Ros’ who were the ancestors of the Eastern Slavs. It was during 9th century that one of the most powerful states of Europe was set up that consisted of modern cities like Kyiv, Novgorod, Chernihiv, Halych, Polotsk, Smolensk, Suzdal. Moscow was also added to the empire. The Kyivites controlled the entire region from the Baltic to the Black Sea and the Kuban River.
Medieval History of Ukraine:
Two monks, who settled in the hills towards the south of Kyiv, set up a cave monastery in the 11th century. This became famous as the Monastery of the Caves. During this period Kyiv became one of the richest cities in Europe. The excavation work in the area in recent years has led to the discovery of several articles which are specimens of the richness of craftsmanship of the people during that time. The history of Ukraine took a twist in the year 1240, when the Tatar Mongols captured Kyiv. The city was razed and thousands of people were massacred. The Mongols ruled over the place for almost 300 years. Disintegration of the Ukrainian territories began to take place and many states went over to Moscow and Belarus.
A feudal society was set up and reasoning began to take place. As a result many educational institutions were set up in the process. This period of renaissance led to the setting up of the first Constitution during Cossack Period in 1711.
Modern History of Ukraine
After the fall of the Czarist regime in 1918, Ukraine proclaimed its independence and the Ukranian National Republic was set up. Mykhaylo Hrushevsky became the first president of the Republic. The state was not well defended until recent years. Ukraine shot in international importance in the fag end of the year 2004. a 10 day mass protests over the mass rigging in the elections led to re-election in which Viktor Yuschenko was elected the President of Ukraine. This event has been termed as the Orange Revolution in the history of Ukraine, which has turned the tide of events in the country. With this Ukraine has started its resurgence in international scenario and stands distinctively as a developing country in the political and tourist map of the world.