Hyderabad

Hyderabad occupies a unique position on the map of India. The city had its humble beginning in a mud fortress built by Kakatiyas of Warangal in the 11th centuary AD on a hill called Golconda. In the 14th century, Golconda went to Bahamani kings. From 1518 to 1687 Qutub Shahi kings ruled Golconda.

Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah was the founder of the present day Hyderabad. Golconda’s overcrowding and water shortage forced the king to lay the foundations of a new city that he named Bhagyanagar after his Hindu courtesan Bhagmati. The name was changed to Hyderabad when she became his wife and changed her name to Haider Mahal.

When Aurangazeb invaded Golconda, Hyderabad was blossoming with palaces and gardens of the Qutub Shahis. With the arrivals of Mughals, Asaf Jahis became the rulers of Golconda and developed the city by adding palaces, gardens, educational and social institutions, public buildings etc. In 1798 Nizam II, the second Asaf Jahi ruler, signed a treaty with the British East India Company that resulted in stationing British troops nearby. The British chose a place near Hussain Sagar and became instrumental in building Secundarabad, the twin city of Hyderabad.

After independence, Hyderabad State was brought into the Indian Union. In 1956 Hyderabad became the capital of Andra Pradesh. It is India’s sixth largest city and a major industrial and educational center. While Telugu is the official and native language, a dialect Urdu called ‘Deccan’ is widely spoken. Usage of Marati, Kannada, Tamil and English has given the city a multilingual character.

Attractions in Hyderabad

Charminar is Hyderabads best known historical landmark. It was built in 1591 by Mohammad Quli Qutub Shah. The original Charminar a huge construction in wood representing the tomb of the Muslim saint Imam Hussain was as charm to safeguard the city against the outbreak of cholera in the late 16th century. When the epidemic subsided, the Charminar was rebuilt in stone and mortar at the same place where the original structure was built. It is an elegant rectangular edifice of four grand arches facing towards the four cardinal points. Each side of it is 100 ft and pitch of the arch is 50 ft above the ground. The minor height is 180 ft. The remarkable architecture was built under the supervision of Engineers and Architects of Arabia, Turkey, Persia and India.

Macca Masjid situated very near to Charminar. It is one of the largest and most impressive mosques in South India. A unique feature of Mecca Masjid is its massive door arches and colonnades which were carved from single slab of granite. The Mecca Masjid was started by Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah in the year 1614 and completed by the Mughal Emperor Arranges in 1687.

Birla Mandir, A temple dedicated to Lord Venkateshwara sits on the Hill top of Kalapahad, over looking the Hussain Sagar Lake. The architecture is a balance of North and South Indian styles of Temple architecture. A breath taking view of the city can be seen from the top of the temple, a monument of grandeur and magnificence in marble.

The Nehru Zoological Park sest up in 1959 is a natural habitat of all types of birds and animal species spread over 300 acres of undulating landscape. The Lion Safari Park is the first of its kind in South Asia. Inside the Zoo is a museum of Natural History, ancient life and extinct animals in reconstructed models.

Buddha Poornima, It is a comprehensive metro Project coming up near Tank Bund. It has boating facility for a joy ride in the water of Hussain Sagar and in the midst of the lake a 60 feet statue of Lord Buddha, the tallest monolith statue, along side the Lumbini Park with star attractions of Floral Clock and Musical Fountain.