also spelled Kharkov is the second largest city in Ukraine. Kharkiv is one of the main industrial, cultural and educational centres of Ukraine. Its industry specializes mostly in arms production and machinery. There are hundreds of industrial companies in the city. There is also an underground rapid-transit system (metro) with about 35 km of track and 28 stations.
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A well-known landmark of Kharkiv is the Freedom Square (Ploshcha Svobody), which is currently the third largest city square in Europe, and the 7th largest square in the world.