Kuala Lumpur, the capital city is situated midway along the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia, at the confluence of the Klang and Gombek rivers. It is approximately 35 km from the coast and sits at the centre of the Peninsula’s extensive and modern transportation network. The capital, Kuala Lumpur, lies midway along the West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur represents the heartbeat of Malaysia, serving as its cultural, commercial and transportation centre.
Kuala Lumpur is easily the largest city in the nation, possessing a population of over1.3 million people drawn from all of Malaysia’s many ethnic group. More popularly known by the acronym, K.L., this fast developing city has a certain charm with its majestic buildings and cultural heritage.
K.L. has also become one of the most popular shopping haunts in the region, offering an extensive selection of items to suit all budgets. Where else can you shop in the morning, have a spa treatment in the afternoon, a cultural dinner in the evening and party all night long, all within a 1 km radius.
The name Kuala Lumpur which means Muddy Confluence in Malay was given to the city by group 87 Chinese miners who were send by member of Selangor Royal Family, Raja Abdullah, to prospect for tin in the upper valley of Malaysia. At that time, tin was in huge demand, especially by America and the British Empire, which needed the durable, lightweight metal to help fuel their industrial revolutions. Strategically commanding both river valleys, the community flourished as a tin-collecting center despite its malarial jungle location. These Chinese groups made a settlement camp in Ampang near the center of Kuala Lumpur, where the Klang and Gombak rivers flow quietly together forming a broad delta
Kuala Lumpur was founded in turbulent times, when fierce rivalries over mining claims and water rights led to civil wars. Gang clashes, feuds and murders went hand-in-hand. The continuous fighting amongst the people worried the headmen so much they elected a kapitan Cina (Chinese Captain), the most famous of whom is Yap Ah Loy, to establish peace and order. He played a major role during the civil wars and continued to direct the affairs of the town until his death in 1885. He’s known as the founding father of Kuala Lumpur.
The Malay Civil War involved local sultans fighting for the throne of Perak; the state to the north of where KL was in the state of Selangor. Swept up in conflict, KL burnt to the ground. The merchants of the Straits Settlements, concerned that the war would ruin their prosperity, asked Britain to intervene. Fearing the loss of its tin interests, the British sent Governor Andrew Clarke to appraise the situation. Clarke gathered the feuding princes and convinced them to sign the Pangkor Agreement in 1874. The Agreement ended the war, established a new Sultan of Perak, and – most significantly – called for the presence of a British Resident. This was the beginning of a dramatically increased British involvement in Malaya that spanned through 130 years until Malaysia declared independence in 1957. During World War II, the city was occupied (194245) by Japanese forces. In 1957 Kuala Lumpur became the capital of the newly independent Federation of Malaya and remained the national capital when was founded in 1963.