Literature of Taiwan is different from Chinese literature, but many books popular in China are also popular in Taiwan. In fact, with the establishment of the Communist regime in China in 1949, books from China were not often published in Taiwan and books from Taiwan were not often published in China. In 1986, the first novel, Three Kings, written by a mainland Chinese writer, Ah Cheng, was openly published as such in Taiwan.
Some books from China still found their way into Taiwan before 1986 by different ways. As pirate editions, under both a different title and a pseudonym for the author, under a different title, but with the author’s name unchanged, under a pseudonym but with the title unchanged, or altered by changes in the text itself.