The construction of the Benguela Railway and the Lobito harbor were the genesis of the city of Lobito. By order of 28 November 1902 the great statesman and council president, Teixeira de Sousa, in the name of the Portuguese government, granted to Sir Robert Williams, the contract of concession to construct and explore for 99 years the railway road that would ultimately link Lobito to the highlands. Construction began in March 1903 and the city and harbor of Lobito were born. By the Right of Administration of 17 November 1948, Lobito became a city and an urbanization plan was approved for the area. Lobito’s harbor measures approximately 5 kilometers in length and has an entry of 600 meters, the wider part measures 1.5 kilometers with depths between 15 and 36 meters . The first phase of harbor construction was completed in January 1928. In 1957 the quay was enlarged to 1,122 meters. A shipyard was also built at that time. The shipyard known by its acronyn estalnave and is the largest shipyard in Angola.