Ludhiana is one of the richest cities in Punjab, centrally located on the National Highway 1, which goes from Delhi to Amritsar. The city stands on the Sutlej River’s old bank, 13 km to the south of its present course. It was founded at the time of Lodhi Dynasty, which ruled Delhi from 1451 AD to 1526 AD. Ludhiana is known as the “Manchester of India”, because it forms the industrial hub of Punjab. There are 8 large integrated knitwear factories, roughly 6,000 small to medium-sized knitwear factories (like Oswals, Nahar), 10 big hosiery yarn mills and 150 small to medium sized woolen yarns therein. The city also has a number of firms manufacturing hero cycles, avon cycles, machine tools, sewing machines, generators etc.
It owes its origin to the aggravation work of the Sutlej River. The alluvium deposited by the river has been worked over by the wind, giving rise to a number of small dunes and sand mounds. The ground is of yellow sandstone and granite, forming small hillocks, plateaus and dips. The Sutlej and its tributaries and the Budha Nallah constitute the chief Hydrographic features of the district.
Spread over an area of 30 acres, Nehru Rose Garden is in the Civil Lines area of Ludhiana. It serve as an open ground for people to have morning and evening walks, exercises and also offers some priceless moments of relaxation. There are more than 17,000 plants here, representing 1,600 varieties of roses, apart from several fountains. Every year, a Rose Festival is held here, which attracts lots of tourists.
Ludhiana has a number of things to offer to its tourists, which they would want to take back home. All over the city, there are innumerable shops selling various items catering to the daily needs of the people. There is a grand display of Punjab’s traditional handicrafts, like phulkari, jootis, parandis, jewelries, dress materials etc.