Madeira is a Portuguese archipelago in the north Atlantic Ocean. It is one of the Autonomous regions of Portugal, with Madeira Island and Porto Santo Island being the only inhabited islands. Madeira island is one of Europe’s oldest travel locations and many thousands of tourists return year after year.
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Madeira offers not only a pleasant year round climate and wonderful fauna and flora – Madeira is also virtually crime free and one of the safest holiday destinations in the world. It is a popular year-round resort, noted for its Madeira wine, flowers, and embroidery artisans, as well as its New Year’s Eve celebrations that feature a spectacular fireworks show, which is the largest in the world according to the Guinness World of Records.
Madeira has three endemic birds: Zino’s Petrel, the Trocaz pigeon and the Madeira Firecrest. The great biodiversity of Madeira is phyto geographically linked to the Mediterranean region, Africa, America and Australia, and interest in this phytogeography has been increasing in recent years due to the discovery of some epiphytic bryophyte species with non-adjacent distribution.