Meteora monasteries is one of the largest and most important complex of Eastern Orthodox monasteries in Kalambaka, Greece and is second only to Mount Athos rise at the center of Greece, where Pinios river emerges from the deep canyons of the Pindus range and surges into the Thessalian plain. The Meteora is home to six monasteries and is included on the UNESCO World Heritage List. There are six monastries namely The Holy Monastery of Great Meteoron, The Holy Monastery of Varlaam, The Holy Monastery of Rousanou, The Holy Monastery of St. Nicholas Anapausas , The Holy Monastery of St. Stephen, The Monastery of Holy Trinity.
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These are gigantic rocks etched by time into a variety of shapes; gray stalagmites rising towards the sky, they appear as nature’s gift to the pious who, driven by faith, have opted for solitude and a life of worship. The Monasteries, with their wooden galleries and corniced rooftops, crown the summits of these formidable pinnacles. Precariously hanging over the sinister abysses, with the Pindus range at their back and the vast plain, woods, gorges and picturesque villages below, these unworldly hermitages compose one of the most breathtaking sites on earth. In the late Byzantine period and during Ottoman rule this monastic community became a sanctuary of the persecuted.
On these barren and inaccessible rocks a center of Byzantine art was created.The history of the Meteora monastic community begins in the 11th century. During the 9th century hermits settled in the caves and crevices of the rocks.