Mount Nimba is a mountain along the border of Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia, and Guinea in West Africa. At 1,752 m (5,750 ft) it is the highest point in all three nations. The mountain is part of the Nimba Massif (the Guinean Backbone), straddling the border between the two countries and Liberia. The nearest major settlement is the town Yekepa to the west in Liberia.
Since 1944 the area, excluding Liberia’s portion, has been a nature reserve. Currently covering 180 km, the Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve is classified as a World Heritage Site, including both rainforest and savanna. It is a strict reserve, forbidding tourism.
The mountain is rich in iron ore. There was intensive mining in the Liberian portion of the mountain until reserves were exhausted in 1989. The mix of iron-quartzite sheets, schists and granitogneiss has produced startling land formations by soil erosion.
The mountain was given its name in December 1929 with the expedition of Sempere, Sattler and Michelis.